Cataclysmic Pre-History of Humanity

I have distilled and created a short version in the form of two ten minute videos of my hypothesis:

The stories of the Book of Genesis are describing major events in our pre-history which are caused by cyclical cosmic phenomenon that is occurring in our solar system. These astronomical observations started out as a symbolic memory by a Neolithic group who later incorporated this information into a type of Astro-Theology that was first developed in the ancient city of Babel.

This is a updated brief analysis of my blog articles on: The Builders of Gobekli Tepe, the Tower of Babel and the Saturn Myth, The Exodus: The Last Return of Planet X, Velikosvsky, Climate Change and Planet X.

 

The Exodus: The Last Return of Planet X

My initial interest in the Exodus was through my fascination with Immanuel Velikovsky theories of a catastrophic cosmology surrounding it. However, the archaeological record on the Exodus doesn’t support the biblical chronology but if it occurred 300 years earlier there are new discoveries since his book that fit into his thesis. The evidence of this previous era suggests Velikovsky views were correct on revealing a previously unreported history of a Asiatic people exiting Egypt during dramatic environmental conditions that could been ultimately caused by cosmic events occurring within our solar system.

Rather than focusing on the events of the Exodus, this blog will cover a wider period beginning around 2,200 BC to 1,200 BC that witnessed cataclysmic climate change, environmental catastrophes and finally ended with the collapse of the Bronze Age around 1,200 BC around the time most biblical scholars date the Exodus. During this period several cultures known as the Hittites, Minoans, Mycenaeans and the Hyksos mysteriously disappeared which lead to an era known as the Greek Dark ages where little writing was recorded.

I disagree with Velikosvsky dating which biblical scholars date the Exodus based upon a reference in The Book of Exodus:

“37 Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot…”

Biblical historians believe this Ramesses reference refers to Ramesses II where a new capital named Pi Ramesses was built during his reign between 1279 BC to 1213 BC. The consensus among Biblical scholars date the Exodus between 1250 BC – 1200 BC. Others such as Velikosvsky use another date of 1450 BC based upon another quote in the Bible that it was 480 years since the fourth year of King Solomon reign which began around 975 BC.

The archaeological evidence doesn’t support this time period, however, 300 years before the earlier date of 1250 BC beginning around 1550 BC there was a large group of Asiatic people that lived in the lower Nile Delta in a location named in the Bible as Goshen who were defeated by the Egyptians and push out into the southern Jordan desert.

The journey of these people started approximately 600 years earlier in Northern Asia when a major climate change event took place known as the the 4.2 Kilo Year which was one of the most significant event in the Holocene period. It caused a severe drought in the eastern region of the Mediterranean that resulted in famine which was a factor in causing the collapse of the Egyptian Old Kingdom around 2181 BC.

This triggered several major migration events throughout the millennium of Asiatics from the North who flowed into western Anatolia – Western Europe, east into Mesopotamia, the Levant and all the way down into the Lower Nile Delta. Modern studies have shown that around 2150 BC, there was a period of low flooding that occurred in the Nile Delta which severely affected Egyptian crop yields.

Surrounding this drought Egyptian history records cataclysmic environmental events that occurred during this period which are described in a document known as the Ipuwer Papyrus dated around 1250 BC which is retelling events that occurred in the Twelfth Egyptian Dynasty (1991 – 1803 BC). It also supports the migration theory that was occurring at this time.

ipuwer

Ipwuer Papyrus

Part I

Indeed, poor men have become owners of wealth, and he who could not make sandals for himself is now a possessor of riches.
Indeed, men’s slaves, their hearts are sad, and magistrates do not fraternize with their people when they shout.
Indeed, [hearts] are violent, pestilence is throughout the land, blood is everywhere, death is not lacking, and the mummy-cloth speaks even before one comes near it.
Indeed, many dead are buried in the river; the stream is a sepulcher and the place of embalmment has become a stream.
Indeed, noblemen are in distress, while the poor man is full of joy. Every town says: “Let us suppress the powerful among us.”
Indeed, men are like ibises. Squalor is throughout the land, and there are none indeed whose clothes are white in these times.
Indeed, the land turns around as does a potter’s wheel; the robber is a possessor of riches and [the rich man is become] a plunderer.
Indeed, trusty servants are [. . .]; the poor man [complains]: “How terrible! What am I to do?”
Indeed, the river is blood, yet men drink of it. Men shrink from human beings and thirst after water

Part Two

Indeed, the desert is throughout the land, the nomes are laid waste, and barbarians from abroad have come to Egypt.
Indeed, men arrive [. . .] and indeed, there are no Egyptians anywhere…

This last quote of “the desert is throughout the land, the nomes are laid waste, and barbarians from abroad have come to Egypt.

This document support a migration was taking place during a time of a drought where a unknown people were entering Egypt.

asiansHieroglyph in Khnumhotep II Tomb

This hieroglyph was discovered in the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hasan from the 12th dynasty (1901 BC – 1803 BC) that shows a group of Asiatics called the Aamu entering Egypt that is signified by a glyph above on the back of the first animal. The name Aamu could be describing the Amorites whose Kingdom were known as Amurru which was a name used by the Akkadians to describe an Amorite region west of Mesopotamia around 2000 BC. This area was later taken over by the Hittites around the beginning of the 14th century BC.

mass-migration

While history seems to ignore this Asiatic migration other archaeologist such as James Mellart back in 1958 first proposed that the Hittites displaced a indigenous people from migrating from the Pontic Steepe (Ukraine) around 1900 BC which modern historians rejected.

(Note: I theorize these migrations were part of several large movements of these unknown Asiatics that are connected to the emergence of the Minoans (3650 BC – 1450 BC), the Mycenaeans (1600 – 1100 BC) in the Aegean and the Armorites (2400 – 1200 BC – in Syria and Mesopotamia)

Josephus who was a first century Jewish historian references a people called the “Shepherd Kings” (Hyksos) entering Egypt based upon an earlier writings of an Egyptian Priest known as Manetho who states,

“These people, whom we have called kings before, and shepherds too, and their descendants ,” as he says, “held Egypt for five hundred and eleven years. Then,” he says, “the kings of Thebes and the other parts of Egypt rose against the shepherds, and a long and terrible war was fought between them. He says further, “By a king, named Alisphragmuthosis , the shepherds were subdued, and were driven out of the most parts of Egypt and shut up in a place named Avaris, measuring ten thousand acres.” – Josephus referencing Manetho (Aegyptiaca) in Against Apion

Archaeologist Kim Ryholt, suggested the Hyksos were Amorites. She notes the Pharaoh Kamose describes the Hyksos King Apophis as a Chietain of Retjenu (Canaan) in a stela. Another Hyksos king named Khyan, “has generally been interpretative as Amorite Hayanu which the Egyptian form represents perfectly, and this is in all likelihood the correct interpretation” says, Ryholt. Another ruler named Sakir-Har where the compounded last part of the name hr refers to the Canannite word for mountain, Harru. Sakir is connected to word skr meaning to reward which occurs in many Amorite names.

Josephus translated the word Hyksos as the “Shepherd Kings” and it’s origins come from a Egyptian word hekau khaswet [HkAw xAswt] (“rulers [of] foreign lands”). These people traded in wool and bronze work but also strongly followed religious and cultural practices whose priest were known as shepherds.

Prior to the Hykos defeat by the Egyptians during the short reign of the Pharaoh Kamose from 1555 BC to 1550 BC a stele was discovered which described its relationship with the Hyksos. While the Hyksos controlled upper and lower Egypt through an alliance with the Kingdom of Kush (Nubian – Sudan) during the Second Intermediate Kingdoms (15th – 17th Dynasties). The Pharaoh refers to the Hyksos as the Asiatics.

“(3-5) His Majesty spoke in his palace to his council of magistrates who were in his train: ‘To what end do I know my (own) strength? One chief is in Avaris, another in Kush, and I sit (here) associated with an Asiatic and a Nubian! Each man has his slice in this Egypt and so the land is partitioned with me! None can pass through it(2) as far as Memphis (although it is) Egyptian water! See he (even) has Hermopolis! No one can be at ease when they are milked by the taxes of the Asiatics. I shall grapple with him that I might crush his belly, (for) my desire is to rescue Egypt which the Asiatics have destroyed.”

Since 1975, archaeologist have been digging on a site called Tell el-Dab’a  that was known in ancient times as Avaris of a people known as the Hyksos. The evidence shows they arrived in the Lower Nile Delta around 1783 BC in the same location (Goshen – Avaris) where the Israelites lived in Egypt as told in the Bible.

Just before 1650 BC the Hyksos took control over lower and upper Egypt where the thirteen Egyptian Dynasty (1803 BC – 1649 BC) mysteriously collapses without any major battles where the experts describe this period in Egypt as chaotic and in disorder.

josephStatue

High Hyksos Official – Joseph

In the bible, Jacob and his sons move to Goshen during a severe drought where his son Joseph is a high ranking official for the Egyptians. Between 1986 – 1988 a discovery was made of a high official tomb in Avaris where some biblical experts have speculated is Joseph who was a son of Jacob and sold to the Egyptians by his brothers as a slave but later becomes a top administrator in the region (Goshen – Avaris). His possible tomb was found in a section of the cemetery left to the ruling Hyksos where a life size statue (6.5” x 5”) stood which was very rare as seen in the picture above. Only a few small pieces of this stature were found that dated between 1785 BC to 1750 BC of the Egyptian 12th Dynasty. The evidence depicted a person with a mushroom style hair that was dark reddish in color, holding a throw stick and the skin was painted yellow which were all classic characteristic the Egyptians used to describe an “Asiatic”. There was also evidence that the garment on the statue was multi color which is also described in the Bible. (see article)

At the time of the Hyksos defeat in 1550 BC by the Egyptians we find unusual environmental conditions were occurring with little evidence that a major battle took place in this region. It also appears a large parts of the military and the ruling families of the Hyksos had already abandoned Avaris at this time.

thera

Santorini Volcano

A Tempest Stele was discovered ordered by Ahmose I and dated 1550 BC describing a violent storm that could be describing several of the ten plagues that hit Egypt before the Exodus as told in the Bible. Scientist also discovered that the Santorini Volcano erupted between 1595 BC – 1540 BC. Archaeologist have discovered pumice from this eruption buried in strata at Avaris around 1540 BC.

AhmoseI2

Tempest Stele of Ahmose I 1550 BC

(7) … …the gods expressed
(8) their discontent… The gods (made?) the sky come with a tempest of (rain?); it caused darkness in the Western region; the sky was
(9) unleashed, without … … more than the roar of the crowd; … was powerful… on the mountains more than the turbulence of the
(10) cataract which is at Elephantine. Each house, … each shelter (or each covered place) that they reached…
(11)… were floating in the water like the barks of papyrus (on the outside?) of the royal residence for… day(s)…
(12) with no one able to light the torch anywhere. Then His Majesty said ‘How these (events) surpass the power of the great god and the wills of the divinities!’ And His Majesty descended
(13) in his boat, his council following him. The (people were?) at the east and the west, silent, for they had no more clothes (?) on them…
(14) after the power of the god was manifested. Then His Majesty arrived in Thebes … this statue; it received what it had desired.
(15) His Majesty set about to strengthen the two lands, to cause the water to evacuate without (the aid of) his (men?), to provide them with silver,
(16) with gold, with copper, with oil, with clothing, with all the products they desired; after which His Majesty rested in the palace – life, health, strength.
(17) It was then that His Majesty was informed that the funerary concessions had been invaded (by the water), that the sepulchral chambers had been damaged, that the structures of funerary enclosures had been undermined, that the pyramids had collapsed(?)
(18) all that existed had been annihilated. His Majesty then ordered the repair of the chapels which had fallen in ruins in all the country, restoration of the…
– wikipedia.org

There is also a stele dated to Kamose describing his conquest of Avaris but according to some historians they doubt Kamose ever reached Avaris and this recording was just boasting of his efforts against the Hyksos. However, if this is true, his encountered received very little resistance by the Hyksos because it appears its rulers and a large part of the military and workers seemed to have already abandoned the city.

Kamose II (Habachi 1972)

“(11-18) Behold! I am come, a successful man! What remains is in my possession, and my venture prospers! … Look! I drink of the wine of your vineyards which the Asiatics whom I captured pressed out for me. I have smashed up your resthouse, I have cut down your trees, I have forced your women into ships’ holds, I have seized [your] horses; I haven’t left a plank to the hundreds of ships of fresh cedar which were filled with gold, lapis, silver, turquoise, bronze axes without number, over and above the moringa-oil, incense, fat, honey, willow, box-wood, sticks and all their fine woods – all the fine products of Retenu(11) – I have confiscated all of it! I haven’t left a thing to Avaris to her (own) destitution: the Asiatic has perished! …”

The only encounter Kamose states, is capturing a messenger that was sent to the Nubian King from the son of the King of the Hyksos, Teti at a Oasis named Bahariya that is 370 km southwest of Cairo.

“(19-24) I captured his messenger in the oasis upland, as he was going south to Kush with a written dispatch, and I found on it the following, in writing by the hand of the Ruler of Avaris: ‘[ … ] son of Re, Apophis greets my son the ruler of Kush. Why have you arisen as ruler without letting me know? Do you see what Egypt has done to me? The Ruler which is in her midst – Kamose-the-Mighty, given life! – is pushing me off my (own) land! I have not attacked him in any way comparable to all that he has done to you; he has chopped up the Two Lands to their grief, my land and yours, and he has hacked them up. Come north! Do not hold back! See, he is here with me: There is none who will stand up to you in Egypt. See, I will not give him a way out until you arrive! Then we shall divide the towns of Egypt, and [Khent]-hen-nofer(12) shall be in joy.”

(25-30) ‘I took possession of both deserts and the southland, and the rivers likewise, and no way was found for the … (?). I am never lax concerning my army – the concerned man has not diverted attention – He feared me even when I was sailing north, before we had fought, before I reached him! When he saw my flame he beat a path as far as Kush to seek his deliverer. (But) I seized it en route and did not let it arrive…’

– translation from D. Redford, “Textual Sources for the Hyksos Period,” in E.D. Oren

Reconstructed_Minoan_Fresco_AvarisTell El-Dab’a (Avaris), Egypt

In 2010, archaeologist discover Minoans/Mycenaeans frescoes in the palaces at Avaris showing a political alliance either with the Hyksos or the Egyptians around the time of the Exodus and the Santorini Eruption. Its possible they were hired by the Egyptians to guard their shipping ports and were fleeing the volcanic activity that was building up at Santorini.

However, there is later evidence there was a trading relationship between the Canaanites (Hyksos) and the Mycenaeans that continued 250 years after the Exodus due to the discovery of a shipwreck in 1967 off the southwest coast of Turkey near the town of Bodrum which was identified as a Canaanite ship dated around 1300 BC. This surprised archaeologist because trading between the Aegean and the Egyptian coast at such a early date had not been accepted by the main stream historians. It was also not known that the Canaanites had the technology to build such a large ship at this time. The ship was called the Uluburun and from the examination of its cargo it probably sailed from Lower Egypt or Canaan, heading north to Ugarit on the northern Syria coast and then to Cyprus and finally shipwrecked off the Aegean coast.

The ship was carrying a fortune of 350 ingots of copper, ebony logs from Nubia, one hundred and forty Canaanite storage jars from Italy to Greece. There was even Tin that probably came from Afghanistan and pottery identified from Mycenae and Minoan were also found on the ship. They also found two Mycenaeans on board.

If we look closely at the Hyksos, they were probably hired mercenaries or the Egyptians were took weak to stop their entry into the lower Nile delta. By 1300 BC they still were business partners with the Mycenaeans. And their culture was already a accomplished military force by the time they reached Egypt. They brought with them the crossbow, the horse and chariot, improved battle axes, advanced fortification techniques, bronze work, pottery and ship building. They were highly intelligent, skilled administrators and diplomats in forming trading and political alliances and exerting political power. The influence of the Hyksos were a powerful people which  history has forgotten until only recently.

The alliance between the Canaanites (Hyksos) and the Mycenaeans were more than a business partnership but appears to include being a political alliance which could explain why their ship the Uluburun was off the coast of Turkey by the ancient city of Troy. Dr. Eric Cline states in his book called the “1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed” which he describes the Collapse of the Bronze Age (CBA) states,

“It is during the reign of the Httite King called Muwattalli II in the early- to mid-thirteen century BC, that we first learn from texts keep in the state archives at the capital city of Hattusa of a renegade Hittite subject named Piyamaradu …It is thought that Piyamaradu was probably acting on behalf of, or in collusion with Ahhiyawans (I.e., the Bronae Age Mycenaeans) ” – Dr. Eric Cline book – 1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed

Dr. Cline also points to another area of interest in southwestern Anatolia called Wilusa which was another name for the city of Troy. Similar tactics were also being used in Wilusa by the Mycenaeans, however, the archaeologist Blegen didn’t find any evidence of a battle at Troy but found destruction caused by an earthquake. Could the cause of the Uluburun shipwreck been the same earthquake activity that destroyed the city of Troy?

Anatolian_PlateTectonic Plates of Eastern Mediterranean

By the time the CBA takes place around 1200 BC the whole region was experiencing violent earthquakes especially between 1225 BC to 1175 BC in the Eastern Mediterranean. Dr. Cline describes this environment as continuous “Earthquake Storms” along the major fault system which is verified in the archaeological record in Egypt, Cyprus, North – South Anatolia, Ugarit along the northern Syria coast and other Canaanite cities in the Levant.

The cause of this increase in activity of earthquakes during this period could have occurred due to the interaction between our sun and Planet X return. (see article)

“Solar activity, as indicated by sunspots, radio noise and geomagnetic indices, plays a significant but by no means exclusive role in the triggering of earthquakes. Maximum quake frequency occurs at times of moderately high and fluctuating solar activity. Terrestrial solar flare effects which are the actual coupling mechanisms which trigger quakes appear to be either abrupt accelerations in the earth’s angular velocity or surges of telluric currents in the earth’s crust. The graphs presented in this paper permit probabilistic forecasting of earthquakes, and when used in conjunction with local indicators may provide a significant tool for specific earthquake prediction.” – 1967 Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Also during this unstable period of intense environmental storms an unknown group called the Sea People contributed to the demise of the Hittites, Amorites and Mycenaeans.

(I will bypass this subject of the Sea People for I have written about them in previous blogs (The Builders of Gobekli Tepe Part I) but again it appears this group could be connected to the Mycenaeans/Canaanites and were a type of marauding mercenaries used by the Ancients as proxies to destroy and plunder city-states in the Aegean, northern Syria, the Levant and Egypt to further consolidate their wealth and destroy any material that would reveal who these people were).

While the archaeological record supports the destruction of Canaanite cities such as Jericho around 1500 BC, it appears 300 years of the chronology of the Bible must be missing events that doesn’t have to do with the military advances in Canaan but could explain the development of major trading activity in southern Jordan that emerges in the Late Bronze Age through the Iron Age between the Middle East and Asia.

Khirbat-en-Nahas

It appears a portion of the Canaanites-Hyksos exodus could have included a small group of of Mycenaeans and Sea People continued their military conquest and business activity into the Jordan desert and their descendants were later associated with expanding the classical kingdom of Idumea (Edom) and Midian where one of the largest copper mining operations in the ancient world was discovered in southern Jordan called Khirbat en-Nahas that was built around 1000 BC. Some researchers believe this is the site of the lost Solomon mines due to it’s large scale which needed expertise in copper metallurgy which the Mycenaeans possessed.

Three thousand years ago not many cultures or individuals had the knowledge to mine and smelt copper into ingots, let alone be able to transport and sell it on a large scale. This was a very sophisticated and lucrative business enterprise due to the disruption of the copper trade in Cypress after the CBA. A biblical reference that might explain this connection with this copper mine comes from the Exodus,

“Jethro… or Reuel was Moses’ father-in-law, a Kenite shepherd and priest of Midian. In Exodus, Moses’ father-in-law is initially referred to as “Reuel” (Exodus 2:18) but then as “Jethro” (Exodus 3:1). He was the father of Hobab in the Book of Numbers 10:29. He is also revered as the spiritual founder and chief prophet in his own right in the Druze religion…. – Wikipedia.org

Kenites had very similar metalworking skills as the Mycenaeans and Jethro is also described as a priest and a shepherd.

“The Kenites were coppersmiths and metalworkers. Moses’ father-in-law, Jethro, was a shepherd and a priest in the land of Midian. Judges 1:16” (Wikipedia.org).

(Note: There is even an hypothesis by F. W. Ghillany that the cult of Yahweh was taught by the Kenites (Midianites) to the Hebrews).

330px-MidianMidian

There is also a connection between the Mycenaeans/Sea People and Midianites which dates around the 13th century BC whose orgins still haven’t been discovered.

“Because of the Mycenaean motifs on Midianite pottery, some scholars including George Mendenhall, Peter Parr and Beno Rothenberg have suggested that the Midianites were originally Sea Peoples who migrated from the Aegean region and imposed themselves on a pre-existing Semitic stratum. The question of the origin of the Midianites still remains open.” – Wikipedia.0rg

nabatean-map
Nabataean Trading Routes

Later, this region will be associated with the incense trading routes of myrrh and frankincense that started from Madain Saleh, Saudi Arabia up through Petra which distributed these items throughout the Mediterranean beginning around 400 BC to 300 BC. These nomadic traders were called the Nabataeans and the Greek historian Diodorus Siculus around 312 BC describes an expedition sent by the Greek Antigonus to find them which failed. Their empire stretched south from Aelana accessing the Gulf of Aqaba to as far north as Bostra as seen in the map above. They appeared in Judea sometime after the Hebrews captivity in Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar in 587 BC.

Remnants of the elites from the Hittites and Mycenaeans, Hyksos Empire after the CBA could have later evolved into the Nabataeans as traders who shared an mystery religion that originated from these unknown Asiatic people. As, in my previous blogs, I have connected these people to the Chaldeans. One of the few texts which uncovers their religious practices comes from a book called, “Nabataean Agriculture”.

Ibn Wahshiyya translated from Nabataean the Nabataean Agriculture (Kitab al-falaha al-nabatiya; c. 904), a major treatise on the subject, which was said to be based on ancient Babylonian sources.[8] The book extols Babylonian civilization against that of the conquering Arabs. It contains valuable information on agriculture and superstitions, and in particular discusses beliefs attributed to the Sabians – understood as people who lived before Adam – that Adam had parents and that he came from India. — S.H. Nasr (Wikipedia)

Others, such as, Moses Maimonides, an Egyptian Jewish scholar (1135 – 1205 AD) who had read Ibn Washiyya translation of “Nabataean Agriculture” wrote,

“The great book on this subject is the book On the Nabatean Agriculture, translated by Ibn Wahshiya. In a succeeding chapter I shall explain why the Sabeans had their religious doctrines written in a work on agriculture. The book is full of the absurdities of idolatrous people, and with those things to which the minds of the multitude easily turn and adhere [perseveringly]; it speaks of talismans, the means of directing the influence [of the stars]; witchcraft, spirits, and demons that dwell in the wilderness. …These are remnants of the Sabeans, who once filled the earth.” – Guide to the Perplexed – Maimonides

Maimonides reference the Sabeans (Sabians) that comes from the Quran where he believes these ancient indigenous people beliefs  were described in Nabataean Agriculture. Little is known of these mystery people other than what was written by Ibn Wahshiya and Maimonides. These Sabeans have also been associated with the Mandaeans, Yzadis and the  Bahá’í Faith, including the ancient Harrians who have been connected with a Chaldean moon religion that was associated with Abraham’s family.

“These newly dubbed Harranian Sabians acknowledged Hermes Trismegistus as their prophet and the Hermetica as their sacred text, being a group of Hermeticists. Validation of Hermes as a prophet comes from his identification as Idris (i.e. Enoch) in the Qur’an (19.57 and 21.85)” – Wikipedia.org

These mystery people who Maimonides said,”who once filled the earth” could be associated with these Asiatic people who migrated into eastern Mediterranean and down into Egypt had already formed an ancient religion that originated in the mythical Babel (Urfa, Turkey – Gobekli Tepe) and later in Harran which is at the southern edge of the Armenian Plateau which was part of the path these Asiatics took from the northern Pontic Steppes as described by archaeologist James Mellart.

Canaanite_God_El

Ancient Moon God Religion

This ancient Moon religion as seen as the crescent moon held by the priest in the picture above. They were highly organized through a brotherhood of families and clans which later formed the builders and managers of these ancient Middle Eastern kingdoms were comprised of an educated priestly caste who were the scribes, architects and engineers who executed and preserved this knowledge. The knowledge of this caste of priests where based upon a older culture of the Chaldean/Sumerian priesthoods which only verbally transmitted these secrets between family member.

Diodorus Siculus, an Greek historian wrote,

“The Chaldeans learn it by tradition from their ancestors, the son from the father, who are all in the mean-time free from all other public offices and attendances; and because their parents are their tutors, they both learn every thing without envy, and rely with more confidence upon the truth on what is taught them; and being trained up in learning from their very childhood, they become most famous philosophers…” – Diodorus Siculus

They are organized through clans and secret associations where their allegiance are connected to an High Priest similar to the Pope or in Islam known as Imans and Caliphs and not to the city-states they served. If these skilled engineers and operators who maintained the infrastructure of these city-states were all of the sudden vanished it wouldn’t take much time before chaos would ensue and the people would start abandoning these cities, such as, in the case of Avaris.

Later during the CBA this priesthood that served the city-states of the Hittites and Amorites could have been looking for signs for the return of Planet X (Nibiru) and understood the havoc that it would bring.

Mulapin

Mul.Apin dated 1000 BC

The above picture is a Sumerian tablet translated by Michael Heiser who did not agree with Zecharia Sitchin interpretation that Nibiru was a planet but concluded it is a symbol representing “a crossing point”.

In his work on a tablet known as the Mul.Apin he wrote,

“the red star which stand in the south of the night … the Star of Marduk, Nibiru…
crosses the sky“. I36-37

binarystar3

This astronomical observation by the Sumerians could signal a “crossing point” where Nibiru (Planet X) begins moving away from our solar system. Including where our binary suns cross each other path taking a thousand years.

This was one of many signature designs that were part of the secrets this priesthood possessed, for example, one of their building design had a tendency to use the natural landscape of the terrain and its topology to design water transport systems which allowed them to build there city-states in isolated locations where others could not live which was part of their defensive strategy. One of the reasons that it took archaeologist so long to find the ancient Hittite capital, was because Hattusa was located in a isolated part of northern Anatolia where no other ancient empire existed before. Petra, the Nabataeans fortress which was also located in a isolated desert region in southern Jordan was built around 400 BC wasn’t discovered by the western world until it was shown to an Swiss explorer named Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812 AD which was over two thousand years after it was built.

The engineering of Hattusa and Petra had very similar water transport systems which were feed by a large springs miles away at a higher elevation. Both used the natural topology of the site to channel the water into similar ceramic pipes (see pictures below) that feed into large cisterns that stored enough water for these city-states to last for months. Extensive maintenance and engineering planning was needed to build these systems.

pipes1

The palaces of the Hittites and Mycenaeans also had similar entrances built into their cities both using similar iconography which could indicate both cultures shared a similar belief system.

liongage

You can see both entrances used lion iconography which is associated with a moon goddess known in ancient times as Istar, Astarte, Isis and Innana. This architectural motif is honoring this goddess who is shown in the picture below standing on the two lions

queen-of-night

Over time this archetype forms into an Anatolian Goddess known as Cybele and later emerges into the western world by the Greeks as Artemis, in the Roman pantheon as Diana and later associated with secret societies such as Bohemian Grove. An example of a statue of Cybele was found in an ancient shrine built in a watery marsh area next to the Tiber River where the Vatican would eventually be located. Cybele was,

“… originally a Anatolian mother goddess; she has a possible precursor in the earliest neolithic at Çatalhöyük (in the Konya region) where the statue of a pregnant goddess seated on a lion throne was found in a granary. She is Phrygians only known goddess, and was probably its state deity. Her Phrygian cult was adopted and adapted by Greek colonists of Asia Minor and spread from there to mainland Greece and its more distant western colonies from around the 6th century BCE.” – Wikipedia.org

cybele

Cybele was known to the Greeks as Magna Mater (”Great Mother’) which came from an Anatolia myth that was described by the 4th century Christian named Arnobius,

“….symbolised the world order”. Her image held aloft signifies the Earth, which “hangs in the air”. She is the mother of all, and the yoked lions that draw her chariot show the offspring’s duty of obedience to the parent. She herself is uncreated, and thus essentially separate from and independent of her creations.”

During this period the Hittites, Mycenaeans and the Egyptians controlled the lucrative trading routes could not only tax these shipments but could demand yearly tribute payments in exchange for supporting and protecting those city-states that used these trading routes. Strategic forts were built along these routes and especially in the most isolated parts to protect the merchants and their goods from other settlements and robbers.

In the southern desert of Jordan, a similar strategy of isolated city-states such as Petra served this purpose, however another possible fortress location along this Nabataean trading route could have been the famous Qumran site associated with the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Essenes. It was built in a strategic location on the Northwest shore of the Dead Sea that could have protected the roads into Judea and also had access to the Jordan River leading up into Syria. The site had three distinct layers of occupation. Layer 1 was connected to the Hasmonean era around 110–63 BC and 40–37 BC. Layer 2 was associated with the Herodian era between 4 BC until the Romans-Jewish wars between 66 – 135 AD while the Layer 3 shows the site was again re-populated.

The Hasmonean era was the precursor to the Herodian Dynasty which controlled Judea under the directions of the Romans. Antipater I the Idumean (Edomite-Midianite) was an advisor to the Hasmonean King, Hyrcanus convince him that his brother was trying to kill him and he needed to seek the protection of the Nabataean King Aretas in Petra. When the Romans heard of Hyrcanus actions they took this opportunity to reestablish its rule over Judea and eventually replaced the Hasmonean King and installed Antipater I as Governor of Judea who later created the Herodian Dynasty by putting his son, Herod the Great, as the King of the Jews in Jerusalem.

Other researchers other than Roland de Vaux who was the main archaeologist of the Qumran site have described it as a fortress,

“Rev. Albert Isaacs, British counsel James Finn, and photographer James Graham visited Qumran in December 1856. Isaacs stated regarding Qumran’s tower, “It can hardly be doubted that this formed a tower or stronghold of some kind. The situation is commanding, and well adapted for defensive operations. “Finn later suggested Qumran was “some ancient fort with a cistern.” – Wikipedia.org

These fortresses not only protected these trading routes but served as banks to allow secure transactions to take place. Large amounts of gold and silver coins were found buried at Qumran where a study determined millions of coins could have passed through Qumran based upon the amount of coins found on site. The building of these fortresses along this Nabataean trading route could have been financed by the Khirbat en-Nahas copper mine at a much earlier date and later were used to finance the incense trade.

There are still major questions concerning the original analysis by Roland de Vaux who claimed it was built by an Essene community that maintained an early library for the Talmud text (Dead Sea Scrolls). It appears more likely the scrolls found in the caves near Qumran were sent out of Jerusalem to be protected and stored in a isolated region for safe keeping during the Roman-Jewish war. These individuals who stored these scrolls could have had ancient ties to the mystery culture that built Qumran.

This may be a coincidence but Qumran, Hattusa and the Khirbat en-Nahas sites all seem to have a natural half moon shape on the mesas they were built on which could be related to their worship of the Moon Goddess. These cultures were fanatical in replicating their religious beliefs and incorporating them in their architectural designs.

image077Qumran Entrance facing the Dead Sea

hattusa2Hittite Capital Hattusa

khirbatKhirbat en-Nahas Copper Mining Operation

It is also interesting that the archaeologist Roland de Vaux final report on Qumran was never completed due to his sudden death during an operation in 1971. There were only minor investigations of the site since this time but the analysis of Roland de Vaux investigation needed to be completed before another major investigation could be planned on the site. The report was finally completed in 2003 over thirty years later after Vaux death.

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Silk Road in Roman Times

Qumran and Petra were also built in strategic locations that benefited them from being close to the Silk Road trading route that could have been established earlier by the Hyksos-Mycenaeans due to Chinese silk was found in ancient Egypt dating around 1070 BC.

This trade route was used during the Nabataean era (400 BC) and eventually  taken over by the Romans around 130 BCE opening up commerce to the east (India/China) and later accessing Europe. Again the Ancients are involved in establishing lucrative trade routes with prosperous partners similar to the Palace Economy during the Late Bronze Age.

There are also stories of this group developed the Silk Road to trade copper and silver for gold with China because the Chinese valued these metals over gold. The amount of wealth accumulated during these centuries is inconceivable. They are the forerunners to the western model of ruthless mega successful corporations completely unknown to the western world.

The Ancients are very connected to past locations. For example, the capital of the Hyksos, Avaris and the modern city of Ismailia share a similar locations in the Nile Delta where the Muslim Brotherhood would later emerge from in 1928 AD. And this location will also be used to build the Suez Canal where these Asiatics would once again be able to tax those that passed through their land as in the time when they ruled upper and lower Egypt as the Hyksos.

Lower_Egypt-2Avaris Hyksos Capital and modern city of Ismailia

In a previous blog, “The Builder of Gobekli Tepe Part I” I proposed a genetic mutation associated with the Ancients known as R1b that took place around 10,000 BC creating the R1b mutation which migrates into Western Europe and the Levant. Genetic studies have shown the R1b group had previous ties to Russia (Kazakhstan) but also has been associated with the Jordanians in the Dead Sea area which corresponds to my theory that Qumran was built by the Ancients (Hyksos – Nabataeans).

The only population yet recorded with a definite significant proportion of R1b* are the Kurds of southeastern Kazakhstan with 13%.However, more recently, a large study of Y-chromosome variation in Iran, revealed R1b* as high as 4.3% among Persian sub-populations. In a study of Jordan it was found that no less than 20 out of all 146 men tested (13.7%), including most notably 20 out of 45 men tested from the Dead Sea area, were positive for M173 (R1) but negative for P25 and M269…” – Wikipedia.org

(Note: M173 is associated with the R1 mutation that breaks into two branches R1b (P25 and M269) and R1a(M-420 and M-17).

haplogroup-r1a-b

Red (R1b) and Purple (R1a)

The Asiatic migration that occurred from the Armenian Plateau also occurred later in the Iranian Plateau where a second mutation occurred within the R1 Halogroup known as R1a (M420) mutation which originated in the southern region of the Caspian Sea and eventually moves south into northern India. The R1a mutation occurred at a much later date due to the diversity within the R1b genetic branch. These ancient people were known as the “Indo-Iranians” who have been associated with the Indo-Aryan Migration Theory that settled in a isolated location where currently the capital of Iran (Tehran). And later becomes the location where the mighty Persian Empire will emerge.

iranian-plateau

(Note: In 2014, a study by Underhill et al., using 16,244 individuals from across Western Asia concluded that there was evidence, that R1a-M420 originated in Iran.)

This location would eventually become the homeland of a branch of Islam known as Shia but this area also has ancient ties to the Assassins whose castle fortress is only 62 miles from Tehran called Alamut. They practiced an offshoot of Shia Islam known as Nizari Ismailis which lasted in this region between 1080 AD – 1275 AD which appears to not have died off due to the emergence of radical Islam that has took over Iran and Egypt where these Asiatics have a long history.

Its ironic that the longest political-religious rivalry in the Middle East since the reestablishment of the Jewish state and the emergence of the radical Islamic nation of Iran are genetic brothers. And by bringing in the major western powers into this conflict they have generated over a trillion dollars in defense spending that finally end up in corporation coffers. Sounds like a swindle of tax dollars between a bad cop, good cop presentation.

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The Ancients have manipulated these traumatic events into apocalyptic stories of the Flood and the Exodus leaving their true cosmic origins hidden.

The Builders of Gobekli Tepe, the Tower of Babel and Planet X

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This blog explores the possibility that the archaeological site in southeastern Turkey called Gobekli Tepe is the famous Tower of Babel first described in the Hebrew Bible.

The Tower of Babel is first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in Genesis 11:

“Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens…” – chapter 4

This city is later called “Babel” in chapter 9, however, in Genesis 10:10, the city of Babel (Babylon) has already been built in the land of Shinar constructed by Nimrod.

“the beginning of Nimrod’s kingdom is said to have been “Babel [Babylon], and Erech [Uruk], and Akkad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” Verse 11:2 states that Shinar enclosed the plain that became the site of the Tower of Babel after the Great Flood. After the Flood, the sons of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, had stayed first in the highlands of Armenia, and then migrated to Shinar. – Wikipedia.org

Evidence of the possible builders of Babylon and the Tower of Babel comes from a Mesolithic settlement that is dated older than Gobekli Tepe which is only four miles away in Urfa where in 1993 the “Balıklıgöl Statue” was discovered. This statue dates to 11,000 years ago and in the opinion of Assistant Professor A. Chiat Kurkcuglu of Harran University claims that Urfa was probably one of the first settlements in human history.

statureBalıklıgöl Statue
(Note: the statue appears to have six fingers!)

Near the center of Urfa is a mosque that was built around an ancient cave site where a large pool is filled with fish. It is located near where the stature above was discovered and still believed in the Islamic tradition to be the birthplace of Abraham as shown in the picture below.

urfaMosque of Abraham in Urfa, Turkey

This mosque is associated with an Islamic story of a mighty ruler that some scholars believe to be Nimrod who is confronted by the righteous Ibrahim (Abraham). This meeting ends with Nimrod sending Ibrahim to be burned alive for not believing Nimrod is a God. When Ibrahim is thrown into the fire, a miracle occurs, the fire turns into water and the coals of the fire are transformed into fish.

oldestmap21One of the oldest maps of Babylon (Babel) that was dated from the 6th century BC was copied from an older map from the 9th century BC gives its geographical position around Urfa, Turkey. The center hole in the map represents Babylon. I altered the map adding Haran and the Balikh river that flows south into the Euphrates from Haran. When we compare this ancient map using the accepted location of Babylon in southern Mesopotamia the other locations listed on the map do not match most of the accepted ancient maps of the region.

map01

For example, according to the ancient map the Assyrian Empire is east of Babylon, while in the historical map above it is shown to be located to the north. Also, the ancient site of Der is shown south of Babylon but should be located towards the east. However, when we use Urfa as the location for Babylon both maps generally agree that the Assyria Empire is to the east and the ancient site of Der is to the southeast.

The Armenian Plateau which includes Urfa was part of a region where the Neolithic Revolution took place and later becomes the central location for the Iron Age.

armenia2

“From 4,000 B.C. to 1,000 B.C., tools and trinkets of copper, bronze and iron were commonly produced in this region and traded in neighboring lands where those metals were less abundant. It is also traditionally believed to be one of the possible locations of the Garden of Eden. The Armenian Plateau has been called the “epicenter of the Iron Age”, since it appears to be the location of the first appearance of Iron Age metallurgy in the late 2nd millennium BC.” – Wikipedia.org

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eupharates

In the second chapter of Genesis 11 it states:

“It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there”

From a archaeological standpoint it would be very difficult to track this Mesolithic migration into Urfa due to the building of the modern city which probably destroyed any evidence or from the Gobekli Tepe site that was abandoned around 8,000 BC and was used exclusively as a ceremonial site where there is very little evidence of its builders were found on the site. We would have to move up to 3,000 BC to find records of any large groups of native people in the region. However, one way to fill in this historical gap of the people who occupied the Armenia Plateau is using DNA profiling that has become a valuable tool in the science of Archaeology. According to the Armenia DNA Project which revealed that this group contains a very ancient branch called R1b that originated from the “east” coming from Russia some 25,000 years ago including a later branch known as R1b1b that emerged in the Anatolia and Levant region around 10,000 BC years ago which populated the areas around the Black Sea and the Armenian Plateau.

older-r1b

This branch could have signified an important birth among the Builders of Gobekli Tepe whose descendants later expanded into other areas between 5,000 – 3,000 BC called R1b1a that moved into Central/Southern Asia and Southwestern Europe which could represents a migration event moving into the Levant region as described in the Bible. And also indicates that there was a new genetic branch created by these builders through interbreeding with the local population around 10,000 years ago.

dna-grps

The Autosomal DNA chart above is used to analyze DNA based upon common ancestral DNA and compare them to other groups. The chart shows that the Turks and Armenians are the closes genetic match but they are also closely connected to the Georgian Jews, Iranians and Assyrians which all share a common ancestor. This first comparison is obvious due to the Turks and Armenians have lived in the same region for centuries but the other similar Armenian DNA groups show a movement to the north into Georgia and east into the region of ancient Assyria (Iraq) and Iran.

(Note: The Armenian DNA project also determined early on that when this branch was originally created in this region around 10,000 BC it had already been diluted with much older ancient DNA groups from other areas dislodging the belief that the Armenians are descended from an individual with no DNA branching from other regions – Noah). 

The ancient Armenians were known as the Amorites from the upper highlands were a Canaanite speaking group whose origins were first referenced by the Akkadian’s as the Amurru beginning around 2400 BC. Due to a major drought beginning around 2200 BC known as the 4.2 kilo year event that lasted almost 100 years which forced the Amorites into southern Mesopotamian who were part of the influences which collapsed the third dynasty of Ur in Chaldea somewhere after 2154 BC.

In Theophilus Pinches book, The Old Testament in the Light of Historical Records and Legends, he wrote,

“…. Gibeonites, Hivites, Jebusites and even Hittites – were classified as Amorites by the ancient Jewish writers, a circumstance which likewise testifies to the power of the nationality. …. the Akkadian character for a mountainous region or nationality, stood not only for Armenia, and the land of the Amorites, but also for the land of Akkad” – 1903

The Amorites who I believe were also the ancient Chaldeans are connected to the city “Ur of Kasdim” and Abraham as mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. Many believed this city to be the Ur in southern Mesopotamia discovered by Leonard Wooley in 1927 but before this time it was believed to be the city of Urfa in Turkey. I proposed the location of the original Babel was Urfa which through the millennium was forgotten and later became known as Ur of Kasdim or Erech where Abraham is believed to be born in the Islamic tradition. The Babylonia historian Berossus wrote,

“in the tenth generation in the city Camarina of Babylonia, which some call the city Urie, and which signifies a city of the Chaldæans, the thirteenth in descent lived Abraham, of a noble race, and superior to all others in wisdom; of whom they relate that he was the inventor of astrology and the Chaldæan magic, and that on account of his eminent piety he was esteemed by God. It is further said, that under the directions of God he removed and lived in Phœnicia, and there taught the Phœnicians the motions of the sun and moon and all other things; for which reason he was held in great reverence by their King.”

William D. Barrick, Th.D. Professor of Old Testament wrote of the biblical Ur associated with Abraham birth wasn’t in Mesopotamia but to the north,

 “According to Roy Zuck, “The Sabeans and Chaldeans (Job 1:15, 17) were
nomads in Abraham’s time, but in later years they were not nomadic.”55 He does not deny their existence in the patriarchal period, only a city of their own. On the basis of evidence from Ebla, some have suggested that Ur of the Chaldeans should actually be located in the north, in the vicinity of Haran.”

The ancient origins of the Chaldeans are a mystery where Dr. Barrick writes,

… their earlier origins are uncertain.”61 The most ancient of available references to the Chaldeans seem to identify them with “a wandering desert tribe of robbers.”62 Roitman associates this nomadic group with “Chesed, the son of Nahor and father of the Chaldeans according to biblical ethnography.”63 Thus, we come to the conclusion that the Chaldeans are more ancient than the Assyrian records.”

As to the connection between Abraham and the ancient Chaldeans Dr. Annette Yoshkio Reed who is Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Pennsylvania wrote an article on the subject,

“… Josephus’ approach to Abraham and astronomy/astrology in Ant 1.154-168. This retelling of Genesis 12 describes Abraham as inferring the oneness of God from the irregularity of the stars, thereby implying his rejection of “the Chaldean science” for Jewish monotheism. Soon after, however, Josephus posits that the patriarch transmitted astronomy/astrology to Egypt…” Annette Yoshkio Reed, “Abraham as Chaldean Scientist and Father of the Jews: Jospehus, ant. 1.154-168, and the Greco-Roman Discourse about Astronomy/Astrology”.

The ancient historian, Diodorus Siculus commented that the Chaldeans were the most ancient people of the Babylonian culture and had a strong connection to Egypt.

It is said that the Chaldeans in Babylon are derived from an Egyptian colony, and have acquired their reputation for astrology by means of the information obtained from the priests in Egypt.” Diodorus Siculus – The History of the Eqyptians

The knowledge of the Chaldean priesthood was only verbally transmitted between family member. Diodorus wrote,

“The Chaldeans learn it by tradition from their ancestors, the son from the father, who are all in the mean-time free from all other public offices and attendances; and because their parents are their tutors, they both learn every thing without envy, and rely with more confidence upon the truth on what is taught them; and being trained up in learning from their very childhood, they become most famous philosophers…” – Diodorus Siculus

OannesWhat we call astrology and ceremonial magic today was born out of a type of Astro-Theology developed by the Chaldeans/Amorites. The archetype in which these learned priest are based upon comes from the Sumerian myth of Oannes the first of seven Mesopotamian sages. According to the Assyriologist George Smith who discovered the “Epic of Gilgamesh” on cuneiform tablets gives a description in his book “Chaldean Account of Genesis,

“Oannes …whose whole body (according to the account of Appollodorus) was of a fish…he gave them an insight into letters and sciences, and arts of every kind. He taught them to construct cities, to found temples, to compile laws, and explained the principles of geometrical knowledge.” – George Smith.

In the myth, when Abraham is thrown into the fire by Nimrod where the fire turns into water and the coals of the fire turn into fish is a metaphor where the creative energy (fire) is transformed into knowledge (water) while the symbolism of the coals turning into fish are those that have passed this test of the fire have become the mystery priesthood that followed.

These Amorites priests later evolved into the “En” which were the known as the High Priest.

“…Sumerian city states were under a virtually-complete theocratic government controlled by independent groups of En, or high priests. Priests were responsible for continuing the cultural and religious traditions of their city-state, and were viewed as mediators between humans and the cosmic and terrestrial forces. The priesthood resided full-time in temple complexes, and administered to matters of state including the large irrigation processes necessary for the civilization’s survival”. – Wikipedia. org

asteroid3

The level of their science can be seen in a 2,700 year old Assyrian cuneiform tablet which was deciphered in 2008 detailing a cosmic event around 3123 BC which showed their in depth knowledge of mathematics and their ability to record events with precise measurements 2,100 years before the beginning the development of western science during the Renaissance period in Europe.

planets

This Chaldean Astro-Theology which I propose was greatly influenced by a series of cataclysmic cosmic events that occurred at the time of Babylon and Gobekli Tepe 13,500 years ago and continued through our ancient past due to our solar system has a companion brown dwarf star called Planet X. This star has a 5,000 year elliptical orbit around our solar system that is beyond the Kuiper Belt. In this theory Planet X doesn’t give off much light and collects a large amounts of solar dust from our sun which accumulates around its atmosphere during most of its orbit around the solar system. However, as it gets closer to our sun this dust cloud is blown away by the solar wind which allows it to become visible.

(Note: While its detection would be difficult for astronomer it is not impossible. Even though it’s early detection needs to be observed at the south pole due to its current elliptical path through our solar system, it is believed this information is being suppressed and has been detected through infrared telescopes. I present additional evidence of ancient environmental changes during these cataclysmic events in my previous blog Velikovsky, Climate Change and Planet X. Michael Talbot explains his theory of the Saturn Myth in his video “Symbols of a Alien Sky“).

graph01

As I began to review this 5,000 year orbit of Planet X, I realize its presence could have been recorded by these ancients as the major events of Genesis: the Garden, the Flood and the Exodus.

Thirteen hundred years before Gobekli Tepe,

“Lake Agassiz forms from glacial melt water. It bursts and floods out through the Mackenzie River into the Arctic Ocean at 11,000 BC, possibly causing the Younger Dryas cold period,”

Two hundred years later around 10,900 BC,

“Younger Dyas Impact hypothesis states that the air burst(s) or impact(s) of a swarm of carbonaceous chondrites or comet fragments set areas of the North American continent on fire, causing the extinction of most of the megafauna in North America and the demise of the North American Clovis culture after the last glacial period.”” – Wikipedia.org

(Note: Planet X randomly brings in asteroids/comets into solar system as it passes the Kuiper Belt.)

From 10,800 BC to 9,500 BC,

“The Younger Dryas ice age lasted for about 1,200 years before the climate warmed again. This swarm is hypothesized to have exploded above or possibly on the Laurentide Ice Sheet in the region of the Great Lakes, though no impact crater has yet been identified and no physical model by which such a swarm could form or explode in the air has been proposed.” – Wikipedia.org

Only two hundred before the end of the Younger Dyas around 9,700 BC Gobekli Tepe starts to be built and by 8,000 BC, it was mysteriously buried and abandoned. This was a important period in this region where the Neolithic Revolution took place in the development of agriculture and metal tool making. These two skills enabled the hunter and gatherers to transitioned into permanent settlements.

binarystar3

What could be causing these patterns of climate change is due to a large object in our solar system which interacts with our Sun. Planet X which has a elliptical orbit around our sun whose closes orbit occurred when it travels under our solar system from beyond the Kuiper Belt which is fifty times the distance between the earth and the sun.

nemensis1

Another significant climate change event occurred around 3,900 BC which is known as the 5.2 kiloyear.

“The 5.9-kiloyear event was one of the most intense aridification events during the Holocene. It occurred around 3900 BC (5900 years Before Present), ending the Neolithic Subpluvial.

It is associated with the last round of the Sahara pump theory, and probably initiated the most recent desiccation of the Sahara, as well as a five century period of colder climate in more northerly latitudes. It triggered human migration to the Nile, which eventually led to the emergence of the first complex, highly organized, state-level societies in the 4th millennium BC.[1] It may have contributed to the decline of Old Europe and the first Indo-European migrations into the Balkans from the Pontic–Caspian steppe.” – Wikipedia.org

(Note: I propose that the Sun will begin to interact with Planet X around 1,700 years (2100 AD) before Planet X closes orbit around 3800 AD which will cause the planets and the Sun to exchange electrical charges including the sun to appear larger. Some speculate after this event, it is followed by three days of darkness. However, this is not a end time event but will be a precursor to another climate change event which will probably be preceded and followed by increased aridification in certain areas and record wetter periods in others. This will cause major migrations from these flooding areas that centuries later will eventually lead to catastrophic environmental changes and droughts as described in the 4.2 kiloyear as shown in the period before and during Collapse of the Bronze Age. We are currently experiencing a period similar to 5.9 kiloyear which I believe will be in parallel to  major technological innovation and later an era of theological upheaval  that will alter the geo-political landscape after this major sun event occurs.)

This ancient event which occurred around 3,900 BC and was witnessed by the ancients as some kind of strange Sun event in the sky. It is interesting that the current Chaldean flag uses one of these symbols which Talbot calls the cosmic wheel from his book the Saturn Myth. His theory proposes that this event was witnessed by the ancients which were later seen in such archaeological artifacts known as the cosmic wheel. This artifact uses star like imagery with waves of energy coming out of it. The picture below shows some examples of this ancient iconography.

chaldeanflag

sunsign1Ancient Anza-Borrego Blue Cave Sun Symbols

In the picture below the Phoenician – Canaanites Astro-Theology uses the same cosmic wheel which they called “El” or in Akkadian “Belus” which was deified as the father of mankind and shown as the winged sun disk at the top of the picture. The moon symbol in his hand is from the moon God “Sin” in Akkadian or “Nanna” in Sumerian. Moon worship and the science of astronomy has also been associated to Abraham’s ancestors birthplace Ur of Kasdim or Camarina.

“It was the sacred city of the moon god and the name “Camarina” is thought to be related to the Arabic word for moon qamar. The identification with Ur Kaśdim accords with the view that Abraham’s ancestors may have been moon-worshippers, an idea based on the possibility that the name of Abraham’s father Terah is related to the Hebrew root for moon (y-r-h)….

canaanite_god_el

In addition to the moon shaped object, in the picture above, the Phoenician priest who is representing El with his horned headdress is facing his consort Asherah who holds a pole with the top shaped like a snake and on the bottom is a pitcher of water. The object was called an Asherah Pole which the goddess Asherah or Astarte has been associated with the planet Venus which represents the light of illumination. This association with celestial objects was also related to the priesthood interest in astronomy and astrology.

The name of the Assyrian moon god Su’en/Sîn is usually spelled as DEN.ZU.. He is commonly designated as En-zu, which means “lord of wisdom” …… The “wisdom” personified by the moon-god is likewise an expression of the science of astronomy or the practice of astrology, in which the observation of the moon’s phases is an important factor.” – Wikipedia.org

In one of the few surviving examples of Phoenician writing called the “Sanchuniathon” there is mentioned of the worship El related to the planet Saturn (Planet X),

“…It was a custom of the ancients in great crises of danger for the rulers of a city or nation, in order to avert the common ruin, to give up the most beloved of their children for sacrifice as a ransom to the avenging daemons; and those who were thus given up were sacrificed with mystic rites. Cronus then, whom the Phoenicians call Elus, who was king of the country and subsequently, after his decease, was deified as the star Saturn….” Philo of Byblos – Greek Translator

In the Chaldean Oracles of Zoraster, it was written,

“The Chaldæans call the God (Dionysus or Bacchus) Iao in the Phœnician tongue (instead of the intelligible light), and he is often called Sabaoth, signifying that he is above the seven poles, that is the Demiurgus. – Lyd. de Mens. 83.—Tay.

The controversial historical writer Acharya S wrote in her book, “Suns of God”,

“The semite “Yava” or Iao was likewise “Sabazio, Sabaoth or Sabbat, the god of the Planet Saturn, who also known as Dionysus…”

The Astro-Theology of the Phoenician pantheon was not only based upon the Saturn Myth but recording of actually cosmic events in the sky were used to predict its effects on humanity. For example, the recording of the asteroid event in 3,123 BC could have marked a reference point because, in only one thousand five hundred and twenty-seven years later it is speculated that one of the largest volcanic eruptions on Earth occurred on the island of Thera which caused the destruction of several settlements on the island including an tsunami that destroyed an major Minoan city on the island of Crete between 1642 BC – 1540 BC.

theraSatetille Image of the Island of Thera

(Note: Volcanic activity on Earth increases as Planet X enters its closes orbit around our sun due to the increased electrical activity between these celestial objects. Planet X’s last close orbit was around 1200 BC including bringing a cycle of comets every 1600 years. These events don’t occur simultaneously but can be spread apart from tens to hundreds of years due to the chaotic nature of debris being attracted from the Kuiper Belt by Planet X).

It is interesting that Thera’s volcanic eruption and the biblical date of the Exodus around 1550 BC were around the same time period. Velikosvsky the author of “Worlds in Collision” proposed the six plagues of Egypt described in the Exodus were observations of cosmic events in the sky by the ancients during this time period when Planet X was approaching our solar system. (note: I disagree with Velikosvsky chronology that dates the Exodus in 1450 BC)

Michael Heiser, an expert in Sumerian language noted about an astronomical event recorded about Nibiru who Zecharia Sitchen the author of the 12th Planet believed was Planet X,

“I think the “root idea” of the nibiru word group and its forms as meaning something with respect to “crossing” is clear….” – michaelshieser.com

MulapinWhile Heiser didn’t believe Nibiru was a planet, according to his research, an cuneiform tablet called the MUL.APIN dated around 1000 BC there is an astronomical event recorded in which Nibiru is mentioned;

“the red star which stands in the south after the gods the night [the stars] have been finish, dividing the sky in half, this star is Nibiru, (i.e., Marduk)” – michaelshieser.com

The Nibiru (red star) event in the sky as described in MUL.APIN could have marked a “crossing point” in Planet X’s orbit that signaled it was moving away from our solar system which could have marked the ending of this cataclysmic era which began six hundred years earlier in 1600 BC with the eruption of the island of Thera and culminated in the sudden Collapse of the Bronze Age around 1200 BC. This also included a severe drought in the eastern Mediterranean and the Heka 3 eruption in Iceland dated around 1159 that is listed in volcano index as a 5 which probably cooled the northern hemisphere for several years.

This era also involved the mysterious appearance of a group only known as the Sea People who helped rearrange the political and economic dynamics in the region by destroying major cities and shipping ports in the Middle East. This period is steep in mystery and for the next three hundred years (1100 – 800 BC) was called the Greek Dark Ages.

“Syrian sites previously showed evidence of trade links with Mesopotamia (Assyria and Babylonia), Egypt and the Aegean in the Late Bronze Age….a letter by the king is preserved on one of the clay tablets found baked in the conflagration of the destruction of the city. Ammurapi stresses the seriousness of the crisis faced by many Levantine states from invasion by the advancing Sea Peoples …

My father, behold, the enemy’s ships came (here); my cities(?) were burned, and they did evil things in my country. Does not my father know that all my troops and chariots(?) are in the Land of Hatti, and all my ships are in the Land of Lukka?…Thus, the country is abandoned to itself. May my father know it: the seven ships of the enemy that came here inflicted much damage upon us. “ – Wikipedia.org

The advent of the Sea People arrival and the widespread destruction of eastern Mediterranean islands and cities along the coast led to the emergence of the Phrygians in Anatolia and the Arameans in Syria who were later taken over by the Greeks which ushered in the beginning of Western civilization when Alexander the Great in 333 BC defeated them. However, I believe this group was associated with the Mycenaeans and the Phoenicians whose two major cities, Sidon and Tyre survive these attacks during the Greek Dark ages which led the way for the development of its greatest city, Carthage (814 BC – 146 BC). It became a major power in the Mediterranean and was barely conquered by the Romans in 146 BC in the Third Punic War. However, you can see in the pictures below the use of strategic locations, design and their use of state of the art technology in construction and ship building used at Carthage rivaled the Greeks and Romans.

tyrePhoenician City of Tyre

portPhoenician Port of Carthage

Even though in the Bible we are told that the Canaanites in Southern Levant were displaced by the Israelites from the Exodus, the archaeological evidence suggests,

“While the Hebrew Bible contrasts the Canaanites ethnically from the Ancient Israelites, modern scholars Jonathan Tubb and Mark Smith have theorized the kingdoms of Israel and Judah to be a subset of Canaanite culture, based on their archaeological and linguistic interpretations.” – Wikipedia.org

tribes_levantThus, the whole Levant region was dominated by the Phoenicians and Egyptians who could of had ancient alliances to the Sea People that were possible descendants of the northern Amorites who had migrated into Western Anatolia from the Armenian Plateau including the Aegean Islands such as Crete. The ability of the Phoenician’s high priest to track Planet X could have been used to plan and coordinate their attacks during this chaotic period in the solar system.

The Sea People,

“…. are thought to have been a confederacy of seafaring raiders who could have possibly originated from either western Anatolia or southern Europe, specifically a region of the Aegean Sea, who sailed around the eastern Mediterranean and invaded Anatolia, Syria, Canaan, Cyprus, and Egypt toward the end of the Bronze Age. However, the actual identity of the Sea Peoples has remained enigmatic and modern scholars have only the scattered records of ancient civilizations and archaeological analysis to inform them.” – Wikipedia.org

sherden1

In the Egyptian record, they are called the Sherden,

“are one of several groups of “Sea Peoples” who appear in fragmentary historical records (Egyptian inscriptions) for the Mediterranean region in the second millennium B.C.; little is known about them. On reliefs they are shown carrying a round shield and a long thrusting Naue II type sword. They are shown wearing a complicated armour corselet of overlapping bands of either leather or metal, and a horned helmet surmounted with a balled spike at the top. “ – Wikipedia.org

(Note: The horns and ball spike on the top of their helmet could have been identifying them as followers of “Bel” or “El” from the ancient religion of the Amorites and later the Phoenician – Caananites.)

There are even broader theories on the Phoenician/Sea People culture such as, Buckminster Fuller who speculated they were related to the Venetians of Italy,  the Vikings and later to the British Empire all based upon their dominance of trade by shipping which he called the water people.

“While historians place prime emphasis on the Roman legions as establishing the power of the Roman Empire, it was in fact the development of ships and the overseas line of supply upon which its power was built—by transporting those legions and keeping them supplied. ..Also in Italy—in the northeastern corner—is Venice, the headquarters of the water-people. The Phoenicians—phonetically the Venetians—had their south Mediterranean headquarters in Carthage in northern Africa. In their western Mediterranean and Atlantic venturings the Phoenicians became the Veekings. The Phoenicians—Venetians—in their ships voyaged around the whole coast of Italy and sent in their people to each castello, one by one. The Venetians had an unlimited line of supply, and the people inside each castello did not. The people inside were starved out. Thus, all of the regional masters of the people in Italy hated the Venetians-Phoenicians-Veekings who were able to do this.” Buckminster Fuller – Critical Path 1981

The eastern Mediterranean including what was known as the Anatolia area archaeologist have found a universal use of the archetypes of the Moon and the Bull which were in continuous use throughout the Mediterranean at various times throughout the ages. These icons as seen in the previous picture of the Phoenician king with the two horn crown, the Vikings, the Minoans and the Cretan empire have used variations of these symbols.

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Including Neolithic sites such as, Çatalhöyük (7500 BC – 5700 BC) with evidence of bull worship.

catal_bull_heads

  These same symbols are still being used today.

moon2