The Exodus: The Last Return of Planet X

My initial interest in the Exodus was through my fascination with Immanuel Velikovsky theories of a catastrophic cosmology surrounding it. However, the archaeological record on the Exodus doesn’t support the biblical chronology but if it occurred 300 years earlier there are new discoveries since his book that fit into his thesis. The evidence of this previous era suggests Velikovsky views were correct on revealing a mysterious Asiatic people exiting Egypt during dramatic environmental conditions that could been ultimately caused by cosmic events occurring within our solar system.

However, I disagree with Velikosvsky dating which biblical scholars date the Exodus based upon a reference in The Book of Exodus:

“37 Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot…”

Biblical historians believe this Ramesses reference refers to Ramesses II where a new capital named Pi Ramesses was built during his reign between 1279 BC to 1213 BC. The consensus among Biblical scholars date the Exodus between 1250 BC – 1200 BC. Others such as Velikosvsky use another date of 1450 BC based upon another quote in the Bible that it was 480 years since the fourth year of King Solomon reign which began around 975 BC.

The archaeological evidence doesn’t support this time period, however, 300 years before the earlier date of 1250 BC beginning around 1550 BC there was a large group of Asiatic people that lived in the lower Nile Delta in a location named in the Bible as Goshen who were defeated by the Egyptians and push out into the southern Jordan desert.

The journey of these people started approximately 600 years earlier in Northern Asia when a major climate change event took place known as the the 4.2 Kilo Year which was one of the most significant event in the Holocene period. It caused a severe drought in the eastern region of the Mediterranean that resulted in famine which was a factor in causing the collapse of the Egyptian Old Kingdom around 2181 BC.

This triggered several major migration events throughout the millennium of Asiatics from the North who flowed into western Anatolia – Western Europe, east into Mesopotamia, the Levant and all the way down into the Lower Nile Delta. Modern studies have shown that around 2150 BC, there was a period of low flooding that occurred in the Nile Delta which severely affected Egyptian crop yields.

Surrounding this drought Egyptian history records cataclysmic environmental events that occurred during this period which are described in a document known as the Ipuwer Papyrus dated around 1250 BC which is retelling events that occurred in the Twelfth Egyptian Dynasty (1991 – 1803 BC). It also supports the migration theory that was occurring at this time.

ipuwer

Ipwuer Papyrus

Part I

Indeed, poor men have become owners of wealth, and he who could not make sandals for himself is now a possessor of riches.
Indeed, men’s slaves, their hearts are sad, and magistrates do not fraternize with their people when they shout.
Indeed, [hearts] are violent, pestilence is throughout the land, blood is everywhere, death is not lacking, and the mummy-cloth speaks even before one comes near it.
Indeed, many dead are buried in the river; the stream is a sepulcher and the place of embalmment has become a stream.
Indeed, noblemen are in distress, while the poor man is full of joy. Every town says: “Let us suppress the powerful among us.”
Indeed, men are like ibises. Squalor is throughout the land, and there are none indeed whose clothes are white in these times.
Indeed, the land turns around as does a potter’s wheel; the robber is a possessor of riches and [the rich man is become] a plunderer.
Indeed, trusty servants are [. . .]; the poor man [complains]: “How terrible! What am I to do?”
Indeed, the river is blood, yet men drink of it. Men shrink from human beings and thirst after water

Part Two

Indeed, the desert is throughout the land, the nomes are laid waste, and barbarians from abroad have come to Egypt.
Indeed, men arrive [. . .] and indeed, there are no Egyptians anywhere…

This last quote of “the desert is throughout the land, the nomes are laid waste, and barbarians from abroad have come to Egypt.

This document support a migration was taking place during a time of a drought where a unknown people were entering Egypt.

asiansHieroglyph in Khnumhotep II Tomb

This hieroglyph was discovered in the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hasan from the 12th dynasty (1901 BC – 1803 BC) that shows a group of Asiatics called the Aamu entering Egypt that is signified by a glyph above on the back of the first animal. The name Aamu could be describing the Amorites whose Kingdom were known as Amurru which was a name used by the Akkadians to describe an Amorite region west of Mesopotamia around 2000 BC. This area was later taken over by the Hittites around the beginning of the 14th century BC.

mass-migration

While history seems to ignore this Asiatic migration other archaeologist such as James Mellart back in 1958 first proposed that the Hittites displaced a indigenous people from migrating from the Pontic Steepe (Ukraine) around 1900 BC which modern historians rejected.

(Note: I theorize these migrations were part of several large movements of these unknown Asiatics that are connected to the emergence of the Minoans (3650 BC – 1450 BC), the Mycenaeans (1600 – 1100 BC) in the Aegean and the Armorites (2400 – 1200 BC – in Syria and Mesopotamia)

Josephus who was a first century Jewish historian references a people called the “Shepherd Kings” (Hyksos) entering Egypt based upon an earlier writings of an Egyptian Priest known as Manetho who states,

“These people, whom we have called kings before, and shepherds too, and their descendants ,” as he says, “held Egypt for five hundred and eleven years. Then,” he says, “the kings of Thebes and the other parts of Egypt rose against the shepherds, and a long and terrible war was fought between them. He says further, “By a king, named Alisphragmuthosis , the shepherds were subdued, and were driven out of the most parts of Egypt and shut up in a place named Avaris, measuring ten thousand acres.” – Josephus referencing Manetho (Aegyptiaca) in Against Apion

Archaeologist Kim Ryholt, suggested the Hyksos were Amorites. She notes the Pharaoh Kamose describes the Hyksos King Apophis as a Chietain of Retjenu (Canaan) in a stela. Another Hyksos king named Khyan, “has generally been interpretative as Amorite Hayanu which the Egyptian form represents perfectly, and this is in all likelihood the correct interpretation” says, Ryholt. Another ruler named Sakir-Har where the compounded last part of the name hr refers to the Canannite word for mountain, Harru. Sakir is connected to word skr meaning to reward which occurs in many Amorite names.

Josephus translated the word Hyksos as the “Shepherd Kings” and it’s origins come from a Egyptian word hekau khaswet [HkAw xAswt] (“rulers [of] foreign lands”). These people traded in wool and bronze work but also strongly followed religious and cultural practices whose priest were known as shepherds.

Prior to the Hykos defeat by the Egyptians during the short reign of the Pharaoh Kamose from 1555 BC to 1550 BC a stele was discovered which described its relationship with the Hyksos. While the Hyksos controlled upper and lower Egypt through an alliance with the Kingdom of Kush (Nubian – Sudan) during the Second Intermediate Kingdoms (15th – 17th Dynasties). The Pharaoh refers to the Hyksos as the Asiatics.

“(3-5) His Majesty spoke in his palace to his council of magistrates who were in his train: ‘To what end do I know my (own) strength? One chief is in Avaris, another in Kush, and I sit (here) associated with an Asiatic and a Nubian! Each man has his slice in this Egypt and so the land is partitioned with me! None can pass through it(2) as far as Memphis (although it is) Egyptian water! See he (even) has Hermopolis! No one can be at ease when they are milked by the taxes of the Asiatics. I shall grapple with him that I might crush his belly, (for) my desire is to rescue Egypt which the Asiatics have destroyed.”

Since 1975, archaeologist have been digging on a site called Tell el-Dab’a  that was known in ancient times as Avaris of a people known as the Hyksos. The evidence shows they arrived in the Lower Nile Delta around 1783 BC in the same location (Goshen – Avaris) where the Israelites lived in Egypt as told in the Bible.

Just before 1650 BC the Hyksos took control over lower and upper Egypt where the thirteen Egyptian Dynasty (1803 BC – 1649 BC) mysteriously collapses without any major battles where the experts describe this period in Egypt as chaotic and in disorder.

josephStatue

High Hyksos Official – Joseph

In the bible, Jacob and his sons move to Goshen during a severe drought where his son Joseph is a high ranking official for the Egyptians. Between 1986 – 1988 a discovery was made of a high official tomb in Avaris where some biblical experts have speculated is Joseph who was a son of Jacob and sold to the Egyptians by his brothers as a slave but later becomes a top administrator in the region (Goshen – Avaris). His possible tomb was found in a section of the cemetery left to the ruling Hyksos where a life size statue (6.5” x 5”) stood which was very rare as seen in the picture above. Only a few small pieces of this stature were found that dated between 1785 BC to 1750 BC of the Egyptian 12th Dynasty. The evidence depicted a person with a mushroom style hair that was dark reddish in color, holding a throw stick and the skin was painted yellow which were all classic characteristic the Egyptians used to describe an “Asiatic”. There was also evidence that the garment on the statue was multi color which is also described in the Bible. (see article)

At the time of the Hyksos defeat in 1550 BC by the Egyptians we find unusual environmental conditions were occurring with little evidence that a major battle took place in this region. It also appears a large parts of the military and the ruling families of the Hyksos had already abandoned Avaris at this time.

thera

Santorini Volcano

A Tempest Stele was discovered ordered by Ahmose I and dated 1550 BC describing a violent storm that could be describing several of the ten plagues that hit Egypt before the Exodus as told in the Bible. Scientist also discovered that the Santorini Volcano erupted between 1595 BC – 1540 BC. Archaeologist have discovered pumice from this eruption buried in strata at Avaris around 1540 BC.

AhmoseI2

Tempest Stele of Ahmose I 1550 BC

(7) … …the gods expressed
(8) their discontent… The gods (made?) the sky come with a tempest of (rain?); it caused darkness in the Western region; the sky was
(9) unleashed, without … … more than the roar of the crowd; … was powerful… on the mountains more than the turbulence of the
(10) cataract which is at Elephantine. Each house, … each shelter (or each covered place) that they reached…
(11)… were floating in the water like the barks of papyrus (on the outside?) of the royal residence for… day(s)…
(12) with no one able to light the torch anywhere. Then His Majesty said ‘How these (events) surpass the power of the great god and the wills of the divinities!’ And His Majesty descended
(13) in his boat, his council following him. The (people were?) at the east and the west, silent, for they had no more clothes (?) on them…
(14) after the power of the god was manifested. Then His Majesty arrived in Thebes … this statue; it received what it had desired.
(15) His Majesty set about to strengthen the two lands, to cause the water to evacuate without (the aid of) his (men?), to provide them with silver,
(16) with gold, with copper, with oil, with clothing, with all the products they desired; after which His Majesty rested in the palace – life, health, strength.
(17) It was then that His Majesty was informed that the funerary concessions had been invaded (by the water), that the sepulchral chambers had been damaged, that the structures of funerary enclosures had been undermined, that the pyramids had collapsed(?)
(18) all that existed had been annihilated. His Majesty then ordered the repair of the chapels which had fallen in ruins in all the country, restoration of the…
– wikipedia.org

There is also a stele dated to Kamose describing his conquest of Avaris but according to some historians they doubt Kamose ever reached Avaris and this recording was just boasting of his efforts against the Hyksos. However, if this is true, his encountered received very little resistance by the Hyksos because it appears its rulers and a large part of the military and workers seemed to have already abandoned the city.

Kamose II (Habachi 1972)

“(11-18) Behold! I am come, a successful man! What remains is in my possession, and my venture prospers! … Look! I drink of the wine of your vineyards which the Asiatics whom I captured pressed out for me. I have smashed up your resthouse, I have cut down your trees, I have forced your women into ships’ holds, I have seized [your] horses; I haven’t left a plank to the hundreds of ships of fresh cedar which were filled with gold, lapis, silver, turquoise, bronze axes without number, over and above the moringa-oil, incense, fat, honey, willow, box-wood, sticks and all their fine woods – all the fine products of Retenu(11) – I have confiscated all of it! I haven’t left a thing to Avaris to her (own) destitution: the Asiatic has perished! …”

The only encounter Kamose states, is capturing a messenger that was sent to the Nubian King from the son of the King of the Hyksos, Teti at a Oasis named Bahariya that is 370 km southwest of Cairo.

“(19-24) I captured his messenger in the oasis upland, as he was going south to Kush with a written dispatch, and I found on it the following, in writing by the hand of the Ruler of Avaris: ‘[ … ] son of Re, Apophis greets my son the ruler of Kush. Why have you arisen as ruler without letting me know? Do you see what Egypt has done to me? The Ruler which is in her midst – Kamose-the-Mighty, given life! – is pushing me off my (own) land! I have not attacked him in any way comparable to all that he has done to you; he has chopped up the Two Lands to their grief, my land and yours, and he has hacked them up. Come north! Do not hold back! See, he is here with me: There is none who will stand up to you in Egypt. See, I will not give him a way out until you arrive! Then we shall divide the towns of Egypt, and [Khent]-hen-nofer(12) shall be in joy.”

(25-30) ‘I took possession of both deserts and the southland, and the rivers likewise, and no way was found for the … (?). I am never lax concerning my army – the concerned man has not diverted attention – He feared me even when I was sailing north, before we had fought, before I reached him! When he saw my flame he beat a path as far as Kush to seek his deliverer. (But) I seized it en route and did not let it arrive…’

– translation from D. Redford, “Textual Sources for the Hyksos Period,” in E.D. Oren

Reconstructed_Minoan_Fresco_AvarisTell El-Dab’a (Avaris), Egypt

In 2010, archaeologist discover Minoans/Mycenaeans frescoes in the palaces at Avaris showing a political alliance either with the Hyksos or the Egyptians around the time of the Exodus and the Santorini Eruption. Its possible they were hired by the Egyptians to guard their shipping ports and were fleeing the volcanic activity that was building up at Santorini.

However, there is later evidence there was a trading relationship between the Canaanites (Hyksos) and the Mycenaeans that continued 250 years after the Exodus due to the discovery of a shipwreck in 1967 off the southwest coast of Turkey near the town of Bodrum which was identified as a Canaanite ship dated around 1300 BC. This surprised archaeologist because trading between the Aegean and the Egyptian coast at such a early date had not been accepted by the main stream historians. It was also not known that the Canaanites had the technology to build such a large ship at this time. The ship was called the Uluburun and from the examination of its cargo it probably sailed from Lower Egypt or Canaan, heading north to Ugarit on the northern Syria coast and then to Cyprus and finally shipwrecked off the Aegean coast.

The ship was carrying a fortune of 350 ingots of copper, ebony logs from Nubia, one hundred and forty Canaanite storage jars from Italy to Greece. There was even Tin that probably came from Afghanistan and pottery identified from Mycenae and Minoan were also found on the ship. They also found two Mycenaeans on board.

If we look closely at the Hyksos, they were probably hired mercenaries or the Egyptians were took weak to stop their entry into the lower Nile delta. By 1300 BC they still were business partners with the Mycenaeans. And their culture was already a accomplished military force by the time they reached Egypt. They brought with them the crossbow, the horse and chariot, improved battle axes, advanced fortification techniques, bronze work, pottery and ship building. They were highly intelligent, skilled administrators and diplomats in forming trading and political alliances and exerting political power. The influence of the Hyksos were a powerful people which  history has forgotten until only recently.

The alliance between the Canaanites (Hyksos) and the Mycenaeans were more than a business partnership but appears to include being a political alliance which could explain why their ship the Uluburun was off the coast of Turkey by the ancient city of Troy. Dr. Eric Cline states in his book called the “1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed” which he describes the Collapse of the Bronze Age (CBA) states,

“It is during the reign of the Httite King called Muwattalli II in the early- to mid-thirteen century BC, that we first learn from texts keep in the state archives at the capital city of Hattusa of a renegade Hittite subject named Piyamaradu …It is thought that Piyamaradu was probably acting on behalf of, or in collusion with Ahhiyawans (I.e., the Bronae Age Mycenaeans) ” – Dr. Eric Cline book – 1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed

Dr. Cline also points to another area of interest in southwestern Anatolia called Wilusa which was another name for the city of Troy. Similar tactics were also being used in Wilusa by the Mycenaeans, however, the archaeologist Blegen didn’t find any evidence of a battle at Troy but found destruction caused by an earthquake. Could the cause of the Uluburun shipwreck been the same earthquake activity that destroyed the city of Troy?

Anatolian_PlateTectonic Plates of Eastern Mediterranean

By the time the CBA takes place around 1200 BC the whole region was experiencing violent earthquakes especially between 1225 BC to 1175 BC in the Eastern Mediterranean. Dr. Cline describes this environment as continuous “Earthquake Storms” along the major fault system which is verified in the archaeological record in Egypt, Cyprus, North – South Anatolia, Ugarit along the northern Syria coast and other Canaanite cities in the Levant.

The cause of this increase in activity of earthquakes during this period could have occurred due to the interaction between our sun and Planet X return. (see article)

“Solar activity, as indicated by sunspots, radio noise and geomagnetic indices, plays a significant but by no means exclusive role in the triggering of earthquakes. Maximum quake frequency occurs at times of moderately high and fluctuating solar activity. Terrestrial solar flare effects which are the actual coupling mechanisms which trigger quakes appear to be either abrupt accelerations in the earth’s angular velocity or surges of telluric currents in the earth’s crust. The graphs presented in this paper permit probabilistic forecasting of earthquakes, and when used in conjunction with local indicators may provide a significant tool for specific earthquake prediction.” – 1967 Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Also during this unstable period of intense environmental storms an unknown group called the Sea People contributed to the demise of the Hittites, Amorites and Mycenaeans.

(I will bypass this subject of the Sea People for I have written about them in previous blogs (The Builders of Gobekli Tepe Part I) but again it appears this group could be connected to the Mycenaeans/Canaanites and were a type of marauding mercenaries used by the Ancients as proxies to destroy and plunder city-states in the Aegean, northern Syria, the Levant and Egypt to further consolidate their wealth and destroy any material that would reveal who these people were).

While the archaeological record supports the destruction of Canaanite cities such as Jericho around 1500 BC, it appears 300 years of the chronology of the Bible must be missing events that doesn’t have to do with the military advances in Canaan but could explain the development of major trading activity in southern Jordan that emerges in the Late Bronze Age through the Iron Age between the Middle East and Asia.

Khirbat-en-Nahas

It appears a portion of the Canaanites-Hyksos exodus could have included a small group of of Mycenaeans and Sea People continued their military conquest and business activity into the Jordan desert and their descendants were later associated with expanding the classical kingdom of Idumea (Edom) and Midian where one of the largest copper mining operations in the ancient world was discovered in southern Jordan called Khirbat en-Nahas that was built around 1000 BC. Some researchers believe this is the site of the lost Solomon mines due to it’s large scale which needed expertise in copper metallurgy which the Mycenaeans possessed.

Three thousand years ago not many cultures or individuals had the knowledge to mine and smelt copper into ingots, let alone be able to transport and sell it on a large scale. This was a very sophisticated and lucrative business enterprise due to the disruption of the copper trade in Cypress after the CBA. A biblical reference that might explain this connection with this copper mine comes from the Exodus,

“Jethro… or Reuel was Moses’ father-in-law, a Kenite shepherd and priest of Midian. In Exodus, Moses’ father-in-law is initially referred to as “Reuel” (Exodus 2:18) but then as “Jethro” (Exodus 3:1). He was the father of Hobab in the Book of Numbers 10:29. He is also revered as the spiritual founder and chief prophet in his own right in the Druze religion…. – Wikipedia.org

Kenites had very similar metalworking skills as the Mycenaeans and Jethro is also described as a priest and a shepherd.

“The Kenites were coppersmiths and metalworkers. Moses’ father-in-law, Jethro, was a shepherd and a priest in the land of Midian. Judges 1:16” (Wikipedia.org).

(Note: There is even an hypothesis by F. W. Ghillany that the cult of Yahweh was taught by the Kenites (Midianites) to the Hebrews).

330px-MidianMidian

There is also a connection between the Mycenaeans/Sea People and Midianites which dates around the 13th century BC whose orgins still haven’t been discovered.

“Because of the Mycenaean motifs on Midianite pottery, some scholars including George Mendenhall, Peter Parr and Beno Rothenberg have suggested that the Midianites were originally Sea Peoples who migrated from the Aegean region and imposed themselves on a pre-existing Semitic stratum. The question of the origin of the Midianites still remains open.” – Wikipedia.0rg

nabatean-map
Nabataean Trading Routes

Later, this region will be associated with the incense trading routes of myrrh and frankincense that started from Madain Saleh, Saudi Arabia up through Petra which distributed these items throughout the Mediterranean beginning around 400 BC to 300 BC. These nomadic traders were called the Nabataeans and the Greek historian Diodorus Siculus around 312 BC describes an expedition sent by the Greek Antigonus to find them which failed. Their empire stretched south from Aelana accessing the Gulf of Aqaba to as far north as Bostra as seen in the map above. They appeared in Judea sometime after the Hebrews captivity in Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar in 587 BC.

Remnants of the elites from the Hittites and Mycenaeans, Hyksos Empire after the CBA could have later evolved into the Nabataeans as traders who shared an mystery religion that originated from these unknown Asiatic people. As, in my previous blogs, I have connected these people to the Chaldeans. One of the few texts which uncovers their religious practices comes from a book called, “Nabataean Agriculture”.

Ibn Wahshiyya translated from Nabataean the Nabataean Agriculture (Kitab al-falaha al-nabatiya; c. 904), a major treatise on the subject, which was said to be based on ancient Babylonian sources.[8] The book extols Babylonian civilization against that of the conquering Arabs. It contains valuable information on agriculture and superstitions, and in particular discusses beliefs attributed to the Sabians – understood as people who lived before Adam – that Adam had parents and that he came from India. — S.H. Nasr (Wikipedia)

Others, such as, Moses Maimonides, an Egyptian Jewish scholar (1135 – 1205 AD) who had read Ibn Washiyya translation of “Nabataean Agriculture” wrote,

“The great book on this subject is the book On the Nabatean Agriculture, translated by Ibn Wahshiya. In a succeeding chapter I shall explain why the Sabeans had their religious doctrines written in a work on agriculture. The book is full of the absurdities of idolatrous people, and with those things to which the minds of the multitude easily turn and adhere [perseveringly]; it speaks of talismans, the means of directing the influence [of the stars]; witchcraft, spirits, and demons that dwell in the wilderness. …These are remnants of the Sabeans, who once filled the earth.” – Guide to the Perplexed – Maimonides

Maimonides reference the Sabeans (Sabians) that comes from the Quran where he believes these ancient indigenous people beliefs  were described in Nabataean Agriculture. Little is known of these mystery people other than what was written by Ibn Wahshiya and Maimonides. These Sabeans have also been associated with the Mandaeans, Yzadis and the  Bahá’í Faith, including the ancient Harrians who have been connected with a Chaldean moon religion that was associated with Abraham’s family.

“These newly dubbed Harranian Sabians acknowledged Hermes Trismegistus as their prophet and the Hermetica as their sacred text, being a group of Hermeticists. Validation of Hermes as a prophet comes from his identification as Idris (i.e. Enoch) in the Qur’an (19.57 and 21.85)” – Wikipedia.org

These mystery people who Maimonides said,”who once filled the earth” could be associated with these Asiatic people who migrated into eastern Mediterranean and down into Egypt had already formed an ancient religion that originated in the mythical Babel (Urfa, Turkey – Gobekli Tepe) and later in Harran which is at the southern edge of the Armenian Plateau which was part of the path these Asiatics took from the northern Pontic Steppes as described by archaeologist James Mellart.

Canaanite_God_El

Ancient Moon God Religion

This ancient Moon religion as seen as the crescent moon held by the priest in the picture above. They were highly organized through a brotherhood of families and clans which later formed the builders and managers of these ancient Middle Eastern kingdoms were comprised of an educated priestly caste who were the scribes, architects and engineers who executed and preserved this knowledge. The knowledge of this caste of priests where based upon a older culture of the Chaldean/Sumerian priesthoods which only verbally transmitted these secrets between family member.

Diodorus Siculus, an Greek historian wrote,

“The Chaldeans learn it by tradition from their ancestors, the son from the father, who are all in the mean-time free from all other public offices and attendances; and because their parents are their tutors, they both learn every thing without envy, and rely with more confidence upon the truth on what is taught them; and being trained up in learning from their very childhood, they become most famous philosophers…” – Diodorus Siculus

They are organized through clans and secret associations where their allegiance are connected to an High Priest similar to the Pope or in Islam known as Imans and Caliphs and not to the city-states they served. If these skilled engineers and operators who maintained the infrastructure of these city-states were all of the sudden vanished it wouldn’t take much time before chaos would ensue and the people would start abandoning these cities, such as, in the case of Avaris. And later during the CBA this priesthood that served the city-states of the Hittites and Amorites could have been looking for signs for the return of Planet X (Nibiru) and understood the havoc that it would bring.

Mulapin

Sumerian Astrological Observation dated 1000 BC

The above picture is a Sumerian tablet dated 1000 BC that observed a red planet named Nibiru  (Planet X). This priesthood keeps detail records of observations of the night sky.

Mortise_tenon_jointMortise and Tenon

Some of these secrets came in the form of technology such as the building design of the Canaanite-Hyksos Uluburun shipwreck which used a sophisticated method of ship construction for its time called Mortise and Tenon joints. This type of ship building will be later found among the Phoenicians ships built in Carthage which had one of the largest navy installation on the northern African coast whose builders were able to mass produce ships on a large scale because each of it parts were standardized. A modern technique still used today. Their engineering rival the later Romans.

port

Carthage, North Africa

Rather than using the expensive and massive projects the Roman used to build infrastructure, these ancient engineers had a tendency to use the natural landscape of the terrain and its topology to design water transport systems which allowed them to build there city-states in isolated locations where others could not live which was part of their defensive strategy. One of the reasons that it took archaeologist so long to find the ancient Hittite capital, was because Hattusa was located in a isolated part of northern Anatolia where no other ancient empire existed before. Petra, the Nabataeans fortress which was also located in a isolated desert region in southern Jordan was built around 400 BC wasn’t discovered by the western world until it was shown to an Swiss explorer named Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812 AD which was over two thousand years after it was built.

The engineering of Hattusa and Petra had very similar water transport systems which were feed by a large springs miles away at a higher elevation. Both used the natural topology of the site to channel the water into similar ceramic pipes (see pictures below) that feed into large cisterns that stored enough water for these city-states to last for months. Extensive maintenance and engineering planning was needed to build these systems.

pipes1

The palaces of the Hittites and Mycenaeans also had similar entrances built into their cities both using similar iconography which could indicate both cultures shared a similar belief system.

liongage

You can see both entrances used lion iconography which is associated with a moon goddess known in ancient times as Istar, Astarte, Isis and Innana. This architectural motif is honoring this goddess who is shown in the picture below standing on the two lions

queen-of-night

Over time this archetype forms into an Anatolian Goddess known as Cybele and later emerges into the western world by the Greeks as Artemis, in the Roman pantheon as Diana and later associated with secret societies such as Bohemian Grove. An example of a statue of Cybele was found in an ancient shrine built in a watery marsh area next to the Tiber River where the Vatican would eventually be located. Cybele was,

“… originally a Anatolian mother goddess; she has a possible precursor in the earliest neolithic at Çatalhöyük (in the Konya region) where the statue of a pregnant goddess seated on a lion throne was found in a granary. She is Phrygians only known goddess, and was probably its state deity. Her Phrygian cult was adopted and adapted by Greek colonists of Asia Minor and spread from there to mainland Greece and its more distant western colonies from around the 6th century BCE.” – Wikipedia.org

cybele

Cybele was known to the Greeks as Magna Mater (”Great Mother’) which came from an Anatolia myth that was described by the 4th century Christian named Arnobius,

“….symbolised the world order”. Her image held aloft signifies the Earth, which “hangs in the air”. She is the mother of all, and the yoked lions that draw her chariot show the offspring’s duty of obedience to the parent. She herself is uncreated, and thus essentially separate from and independent of her creations.”

During this period the Hittites, Mycenaeans and the Egyptians controlled the lucrative trading routes could not only tax these shipments but could demand yearly tribute payments in exchange for supporting and protecting those city-states that used these trading routes. Strategic forts were built along these routes and especially in the most isolated parts to protect the merchants and their goods from other settlements and robbers.

In the southern desert of Jordan, a similar strategy of isolated city-states such as Petra served this purpose, however another possible fortress location along this Nabataean trading route could have been the famous Qumran site associated with the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Essenes. It was built in a strategic location on the Northwest shore of the Dead Sea that could have protected the roads into Judea and also had access to the Jordan River leading up into Syria. The site had three distinct layers of occupation. Layer 1 was connected to the Hasmonean era around 110–63 BC and 40–37 BC. Layer 2 was associated with the Herodian era between 4 BC until the Romans-Jewish wars between 66 – 135 AD while the Layer 3 shows the site was again re-populated.

The Hasmonean era was the precursor to the Herodian Dynasty which controlled Judea under the directions of the Romans. Antipater I the Idumean (Edomite-Midianite) was an advisor to the Hasmonean King, Hyrcanus convince him that his brother was trying to kill him and he needed to seek the protection of the Nabataean King Aretas in Petra. When the Romans heard of Hyrcanus actions they took this opportunity to reestablish its rule over Judea and eventually replaced the Hasmonean King and installed Antipater I as Governor of Judea who later created the Herodian Dynasty by putting his son, Herod the Great, as the King of the Jews in Jerusalem.

Other researchers other than Roland de Vaux who was the main archaeologist of the Qumran site have described it as a fortress,

“Rev. Albert Isaacs, British counsel James Finn, and photographer James Graham visited Qumran in December 1856. Isaacs stated regarding Qumran’s tower, “It can hardly be doubted that this formed a tower or stronghold of some kind. The situation is commanding, and well adapted for defensive operations. “Finn later suggested Qumran was “some ancient fort with a cistern.” – Wikipedia.org

These fortresses not only protected these trading routes but served as banks to allow secure transactions to take place. Large amounts of gold and silver coins were found buried at Qumran where a study determined millions of coins could have passed through Qumran based upon the amount of coins found on site. The building of these fortresses along this Nabataean trading route could have been financed by the Khirbat en-Nahas copper mine at a much earlier date and later were used to finance the incense trade.

There are still major questions concerning the original analysis by Roland de Vaux who claimed it was built by an Essene community that maintained an early library for the Talmud text (Dead Sea Scrolls). It appears more likely the scrolls found in the caves near Qumran were sent out of Jerusalem to be protected and stored in a isolated region for safe keeping during the Roman-Jewish war. These individuals who stored these scrolls could have had ancient ties to the mystery culture that built Qumran.

This may be a coincidence but Qumran, Hattusa and the Khirbat en-Nahas sites all seem to have a natural half moon shape on the mesas they were built on which could be related to their worship of the Moon Goddess. These cultures were fanatical in replicating their religious beliefs and incorporating them in their architectural designs.

image077Qumran Entrance facing the Dead Sea

hattusa2Hittite Capital Hattusa

khirbatKhirbat en-Nahas Copper Mining Operation

It is also interesting that the archaeologist Roland de Vaux final report on Qumran was never completed due to his sudden death during an operation in 1971. There were only minor investigations of the site since this time but the analysis of Roland de Vaux investigation needed to be completed before another major investigation could be planned on the site. The report was finally completed in 2003 over thirty years later after Vaux death.

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Silk Road in Roman Times

Qumran and Petra were also built in strategic locations that benefited them from being close to the Silk Road trading route that could have been established earlier by the Hyksos-Mycenaeans due to Chinese silk was found in ancient Egypt dating around 1070 BC.

This trade route was used during the Nabataean era (400 BC) and eventually  taken over by the Romans around 130 BCE opening up commerce to the east (India/China) and later accessing Europe. Again the Ancients are involved in establishing lucrative trade routes with prosperous partners similar to the Palace Economy during the Late Bronze Age.

The trail of the Ancients paints a picture of a culture preferring to be antonymous and hidden within in the shadows of these major dynasties. They prefer to be pioneers in forging new businesses that were lucrative with wealthy partners. They were fierce warriors and negotiators and were pragmatic in their decision process. If they couldn’t entice you with lucrative trading they would try to out smart you or trick you their last resort was forcing you to their side.

For example, before the battle of Kadesh occurred in 1274 BC, the Hittites sent out fake scouting soldiers that gave out false information that the Hittite army hadn’t reached Kadesh. After the Egyptians questioned these Hittite scouts a large regiment of the Egyptian army was sent out to secure Kadesh before the Hittite army arrived but the Egyptians regiment were quickly defeated by the Hittites who had secretly surrounded the city.

There are also stories of this group using the Silk Road to trade copper and silver for gold with China because the Chinese valued these metals over gold. The amount of wealth accumulated during these centuries is inconceivable. They are the forerunners to the western model of ruthless mega successful corporations completely unknown to the western world.

The Ancients are very connected to past locations. For example, the capital of the Hyksos, Avaris and the modern city of Ismailia share a similar locations in the Nile Delta where the Muslim Brotherhood would later emerge from in 1928 AD. And this location will also be used to build the Suez Canal where these Asiatics would once again be able to tax those that passed through their land as in the time when they ruled upper and lower Egypt as the Hyksos.

Lower_Egypt-2Avaris Hyksos Capital and modern city of Ismailia

In a previous blog, “The Builder of Gobekli Tepe Part I” I proposed a genetic mutation associated with the Ancients known as R1b that took place around 10,000 BC creating the R1b mutation which migrates into Western Europe and the Levant. Genetic studies have shown the R1b group had previous ties to Russia (Kazakhstan) but also has been associated with the Jordanians in the Dead Sea area which corresponds to my theory that Qumran was built by the Ancients (Hyksos – Nabataeans).

The only population yet recorded with a definite significant proportion of R1b* are the Kurds of southeastern Kazakhstan with 13%.However, more recently, a large study of Y-chromosome variation in Iran, revealed R1b* as high as 4.3% among Persian sub-populations. In a study of Jordan it was found that no less than 20 out of all 146 men tested (13.7%), including most notably 20 out of 45 men tested from the Dead Sea area, were positive for M173 (R1) but negative for P25 and M269…” – Wikipedia.org

(Note: M173 is associated with the R1 mutation that breaks into two branches R1b (P25 and M269) and R1a(M-420 and M-17).

haplogroup-r1a-b

Red (R1b) and Purple (R1a)

The Asiatic migration that occurred from the Armenian Plateau also occurred later in the Iranian Plateau where a second mutation occurred within the R1 Halogroup known as R1a (M420) mutation which originated in the southern region of the Caspian Sea and eventually moves south into northern India. The R1a mutation occurred at a much later date due to the diversity within the R1b genetic branch. These ancient people were known as the “Indo-Iranians” who have been associated with the Indo-Aryan Migration Theory that settled in a isolated location where currently the capital of Iran (Tehran). And later becomes the location where the mighty Persian Empire will emerge.

iranian-plateau

(Note: In 2014, a study by Underhill et al., using 16,244 individuals from across Western Asia concluded that there was evidence, that R1a-M420 originated in Iran.)

This location would eventually become the homeland of a branch of Islam known as Shia but this area also has ancient ties to the Assassins whose castle fortress is only 62 miles from Tehran called Alamut. They practiced an offshoot of Shia Islam known as Nizari Ismailis which lasted in this region between 1080 AD – 1275 AD which appears to not have died off due to the emergence of radical Islam that has took over Iran and Egypt where these Asiatics have a long history.

Its ironic that the longest political-religious rivalry in the Middle East since the reestablishment of the Jewish state and the emergence of the radical Islamic nation of Iran are genetic brothers. And by bringing in the major western powers into this conflict they have generated over a trillion dollars in defense spending that finally end up in corporation coffers. Sounds like a swindle of tax dollars between a bad cop, good cop presentation.

moon2

The Assassins from the 10th century are infamous for recruiting mercenaries and converting them over to the Ismaili religion and then sending them out on suicide missions to engage in a political proxy war by using extreme methods of diplomatic persuasion such as assassination and poisoning their adversaries to create a atmosphere of terror within the geo-politics of the region. These same political tactics were used by the Canaanite/Mycenaeans on Hittite cities (1300 BC) almost a millennium before.

The philosophy behind creating a false or anonymously triggered political conflict comes from a nation building perspective by keeping the need for governments relevant in the public’s eye and to strengthen its nationalistic agenda. This concept is known as creating a “Noble Lie”,

“… a noble lie s a myth or untruth, often, but not invariably, of a religious nature, knowingly propagated by an elite to maintain social harmony or to advance an agenda. The noble lie is a concept originated by Plato as described in the Republic”. – Wikipedia.org

Taijitu_Small

The “Noble Lie” is part of a larger philosophy believed by these Ancients and supported by Plato, Hegel and Heraclitus of Ephesus (535 – 475 BC) a Greek philosopher that believed the Logos (God) emerges within nature through a perpetual state of a “union of opposites” that is always in a constant state of conflict or becoming. Heraclitus wrote of this philosophy that is similar to Taoism,

“All things come into being by conflict of opposites, and the sum of things (the whole) flows like a stream.”

On a deeper unconscious level the Ancients have manipulated these traumatic events into apocalyptic stories of the Flood and the Exodus leaving its true cosmic origins a mystery.

dualsuns

Our Solar System is a Binary Star Systems.

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The Builders of Gobekli Tepe, the Tower of Babel and the Saturn Myth Part I

tepebabel3

This blog explores the possibility that the archaeological site in southeastern Turkey called Gobekli Tepe is the famous Tower of Babel first described in the Hebrew Bible.

The Tower of Babel is first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in Genesis 11:

“Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens…” – chapter 4

This city is later called “Babel” in chapter 9, however, in Genesis 10:10, the city of Babel (Babylon) has already been built in the land of Shinar constructed by Nimrod.

“the beginning of Nimrod’s kingdom is said to have been “Babel [Babylon], and Erech [Uruk], and Akkad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” Verse 11:2 states that Shinar enclosed the plain that became the site of the Tower of Babel after the Great Flood. After the Flood, the sons of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, had stayed first in the highlands of Armenia, and then migrated to Shinar. – Wikipedia.org

Evidence of the possible builders of Babylon and the Tower of Babel comes from a Mesolithic settlement that is dated older than Gobekli Tepe which is only four miles away in Urfa where in 1993 the “Balıklıgöl Statue” was discovered. This statue dates to 13,500 years ago and in the opinion of Assistant Professor A. Chiat Kurkcuglu of Harran University claims that Urfa was probably one of the first settlements in human history.

statureBalıklıgöl Statue
(Note: the statue appears to have six fingers!)

Near the center of Urfa is a mosque that was built around an ancient cave site where a large pool is filled with fish. It is located near where the stature above was discovered and still believed in the Islamic tradition to be the birthplace of Abraham as shown in the picture below.

urfaMosque of Abraham in Urfa, Turkey

This mosque is associated with an Islamic story of a mighty ruler that some scholars believe to be Nimrod who is confronted by the righteous Ibrahim (Abraham). This meeting ends with Nimrod sending Ibrahim to be burned alive for not believing Nimrod is a God. When Ibrahim is thrown into the fire, a miracle occurs, the fire turns into water and the coals of the fire are transformed into fish.

oldestmap21One of the oldest maps of Babylon (Babel) that was dated from the 6th century BC was copied from an older map from the 9th century BC gives its geographical position around Urfa, Turkey. I altered the maps interpretation by adding the Haran location as a reference point which was a hole that was made in the map without any notation including the Balikh river that flows south into the Euphrates from Haran. When we compare this ancient map using the accepted location of Babylon in southern Mesopotamia the other locations listed on the map do not match most of the accepted ancient maps of the region.

map01

For example, according to the ancient map the Assyrian Empire is east of Babylon, while in the historical map above it is shown to be located to the north. Also, the ancient site of Der is shown south of Babylon but should be located towards the east. However, when we use Urfa as the location for Babylon both maps generally agree that the Assyria Empire is to the east and the ancient site of Der is to the southeast.

The Armenian Plateau which includes Urfa was part of a region where the Neolithic Revolution took place and later becomes the central location for the Iron Age.

armenia2

“From 4,000 B.C. to 1,000 B.C., tools and trinkets of copper, bronze and iron were commonly produced in this region and traded in neighboring lands where those metals were less abundant. It is also traditionally believed to be one of the possible locations of the Garden of Eden. The Armenian Plateau has been called the “epicenter of the Iron Age”, since it appears to be the location of the first appearance of Iron Age metallurgy in the late 2nd millennium BC.” – Wikipedia.org

aram-highland

eupharates

In the second chapter of Genesis 11 it states:

“It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there”

From a archaeological standpoint it would be very difficult to track this Mesolithic migration into Urfa due to the building of the modern city which probably destroyed any evidence or from the Gobekli Tepe site that was abandoned around 8,000 BC and was used exclusively as a ceremonial site where there is very little evidence of its builders were found on the site. We would have to move up to 3,000 BC to find records of any large groups of native people in the region. However, one way to fill in this historical gap of the people who occupied the Armenia Plateau is using DNA profiling that has become a valuable tool in the science of Archaeology. According to the Armenia DNA Project which revealed that this group contains a very ancient branch called R1b that originated from the “east” coming from Russia some 25,000 years ago including a later branch known as R1b1b that emerged in the Anatolia and Levant region around 10,000 BC years ago which populated the areas around the Black Sea and the Armenian Plateau.

older-r1b

This branch could have signified an important birth among the Builders of Gobekli Tepe whose descendants later expanded into other areas between 5,000 – 3,000 BC called R1b1a that moved into Central/Southern Asia and Southwestern Europe which could represents a migration event moving into the Levant region as described in the Bible.

dna-grps

The Autosomal DNA chart above is used to analyze DNA based upon common ancestral DNA and compare them to other groups. The chart shows that the Turks and Armenians are the closes genetic match but they are also closely connected to the Georgian Jews, Iranians and Assyrians which all share a common ancestor. This first comparison is obvious due to the Turks and Armenians have lived in the same region for centuries but the other similar Armenian DNA groups show a movement to the north into Georgia and east into the region of ancient Assyria (Iraq) and Iran.

(Note: The Armenian DNA project also determined early on that when this branch was originally created in this region around 10,000 BC it had already been diluted with much older ancient DNA groups from other areas dislodging the belief that the Armenians are descended from an individual with no DNA branching from other regions – Noah). 

The ancient Armenians were known as the Amorites from the upper highlands were a Canaanite speaking group whose origins were first referenced by the Akkadian’s as the Amurru beginning around 2400 BC. Due to a major drought beginning around 2200 BC known as the 4.2 kilo year event that lasted almost 100 years which forced the Amorites into southern Mesopotamian who were part of the influences which collapsed the third dynasty of Ur in Chaldea somewhere after 2154 BC.

In Theophilus Pinches book, The Old Testament in the Light of Historical Records and Legends, he wrote,

“…. Gibeonites, Hivites, Jebusites and even Hittites – were classified as Amorites by the ancient Jewish writers, a circumstance which likewise testifies to the power of the nationality. …. the Akkadian character for a mountainous region or nationality, stood not only for Armenia, and the land of the Amorites, but also for the land of Akkad” – 1903

The Amorites who I believe were also the ancient Chaldeans are connected to the city “Ur of Kasdim” and Abraham as mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. Many believed this city to be the Ur in southern Mesopotamia discovered by Leonard Wooley in 1927 but before this time it was believed to be the city of Urfa in Turkey. I proposed the location of the original Babel was Urfa which through the millennium was forgotten and later became known as Ur of Kasdim or Erech where Abraham is believed to be born in the Islamic tradition. The Babylonia historian Berossus wrote,

“in the tenth generation in the city Camarina of Babylonia, which some call the city Urie, and which signifies a city of the Chaldæans, the thirteenth in descent lived Abraham, of a noble race, and superior to all others in wisdom; of whom they relate that he was the inventor of astrology and the Chaldæan magic, and that on account of his eminent piety he was esteemed by God. It is further said, that under the directions of God he removed and lived in Phœnicia, and there taught the Phœnicians the motions of the sun and moon and all other things; for which reason he was held in great reverence by their King.”

William D. Barrick, Th.D. Professor of Old Testament wrote of the biblical Ur associated with Abraham birth wasn’t in Mesopotamia but to the north,

 “According to Roy Zuck, “The Sabeans and Chaldeans (Job 1:15, 17) were
nomads in Abraham’s time, but in later years they were not nomadic.”55 He does not deny their existence in the patriarchal period, only a city of their own. On the basis of evidence from Ebla, some have suggested that Ur of the Chaldeans should actually be located in the north, in the vicinity of Haran.”

The ancient origins of the Chaldeans are a mystery where Dr. Barrick writes,

… their earlier origins are uncertain.”61 The most ancient of available references to the Chaldeans seem to identify them with “a wandering desert tribe of robbers.”62 Roitman associates this nomadic group with “Chesed, the son of Nahor and father of the Chaldeans according to biblical ethnography.”63 Thus, we come to the conclusion that the Chaldeans are more ancient than the Assyrian records.”

As to the connection between Abraham and the ancient Chaldeans Dr. Annette Yoshkio Reed who is Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Pennsylvania wrote an article on the subject,

“… Josephus’ approach to Abraham and astronomy/astrology in Ant 1.154-168. This retelling of Genesis 12 describes Abraham as inferring the oneness of God from the irregularity of the stars, thereby implying his rejection of “the Chaldean science” for Jewish monotheism. Soon after, however, Josephus posits that the patriarch transmitted astronomy/astrology to Egypt…” Annette Yoshkio Reed, “Abraham as Chaldean Scientist and Father of the Jews: Jospehus, ant. 1.154-168, and the Greco-Roman Discourse about Astronomy/Astrology”.

The ancient historian, Diodorus Siculus commented that the Chaldeans were the most ancient people of the Babylonian culture and had a strong connection to Egypt.

It is said that the Chaldeans in Babylon are derived from an Egyptian colony, and have acquired their reputation for astrology by means of the information obtained from the priests in Egypt.” Diodorus Siculus – The History of the Eqyptians

The knowledge of the Chaldean priesthood was only verbally transmitted between family member. Diodorus wrote,

“The Chaldeans learn it by tradition from their ancestors, the son from the father, who are all in the mean-time free from all other public offices and attendances; and because their parents are their tutors, they both learn every thing without envy, and rely with more confidence upon the truth on what is taught them; and being trained up in learning from their very childhood, they become most famous philosophers…” – Diodorus Siculus

OannesWhat we call astrology and ceremonial magic today was born out of a type of Astro-Theology developed by the Chaldeans/Amorites. The archetype in which these learned priest are based upon comes from the Sumerian myth of Oannes the first of seven Mesopotamian sages. According to the Assyriologist George Smith who discovered the “Epic of Gilgamesh” on cuneiform tablets gives a description in his book “Chaldean Account of Genesis,

“Oannes …whose whole body (according to the account of Appollodorus) was of a fish…he gave them an insight into letters and sciences, and arts of every kind. He taught them to construct cities, to found temples, to compile laws, and explained the principles of geometrical knowledge.” – George Smith.

In the myth, when Abraham is thrown into the fire by Nimrod where the fire turns into water and the coals of the fire turn into fish is a metaphor where the creative energy (fire) is transformed into knowledge (water) while the symbolism of the coals turning into fish are those that have passed this test of the fire have become the mystery priesthood that followed.

These Amorites priests later evolved into the “En” which were the known as the High Priest.

“…Sumerian city states were under a virtually-complete theocratic government controlled by independent groups of En, or high priests. Priests were responsible for continuing the cultural and religious traditions of their city-state, and were viewed as mediators between humans and the cosmic and terrestrial forces. The priesthood resided full-time in temple complexes, and administered to matters of state including the large irrigation processes necessary for the civilization’s survival”. – Wikipedia. org

asteroid3

The level of their science can be seen in a 2,700 year old Assyrian cuneiform tablet which was deciphered in 2008 detailing a cosmic event around 3123 BC which showed their in depth knowledge of mathematics and their ability to record events with precise measurements 2,100 years before the beginning the development of western science during the Renaissance period in Europe.

planets

This Chaldean Astro-Theology which I propose was greatly influenced by a series of cataclysmic cosmic events that occurred at the time of Babylon and Gobekli Tepe 13,500 years ago and continued through our ancient past due to our solar system has a companion brown dwarf star called Planet X. This star has a 5,000 year elliptical orbit around our solar system that is beyond the Kuiper Belt. In this theory Planet X doesn’t give off much light and collects a large amounts of solar dust from our sun which accumulates around its atmosphere during most of its orbit around the solar system. However, as it gets closer to our sun this dust cloud is blown away by the solar wind which allows it to become visible.

(Note: While its detection would be difficult for astronomer it is not impossible. Even though it’s early detection needs to be observed at the south pole due to its current elliptical path through our solar system, it is believed this information is being suppressed and has been detected through infrared telescopes. I present additional evidence of climate change during these cataclysmic events in my previous blog Velikovsky, Climate Change and Planet X. Michael Talbot explains his theory of the Saturn Myth in his video “Symbols of a Alien Sky“).

It is interesting that the current Chaldean flag uses one of these symbols which Talbot calls the cosmic wheel. His theory proposes that the events witnessed by the ancients were caused by the sun’s  electrical interactions between planet X, Mars, Venus and the Earth which is why the cosmic wheel uses a star like imagery with waves of energy coming out of it. The picture below shows some examples of this ancient iconography of the cosmic wheel.

chaldeanflag

sunsign1Ancient Anza-Borrego Blue Cave Sun Symbols

In the picture below the Phoenician – Canaanites Astro-Theology uses the same cosmic wheel which they called “El” or in Akkadian “Belus” which was deified as the father of mankind and shown as the winged sun disk at the top of the picture. The moon symbol in his hand is from the moon God “Sin” in Akkadian or “Nanna” in Sumerian. Moon worship and the science of astronomy has also been associated to Abraham’s ancestors birthplace Ur of Kasdim or Camarina.

“It was the sacred city of the moon god and the name “Camarina” is thought to be related to the Arabic word for moon qamar. The identification with Ur Kaśdim accords with the view that Abraham’s ancestors may have been moon-worshippers, an idea based on the possibility that the name of Abraham’s father Terah is related to the Hebrew root for moon (y-r-h)….

canaanite_god_el

In addition to the moon shaped object, in the picture above, the Phoenician priest who is representing El with his horned headdress is facing his consort Asherah who holds a pole with the top shaped like a snake and on the bottom is a pitcher of water. The object was called an Asherah Pole which the goddess Asherah or Astarte has been associated with the planet Venus which represents the light of illumination. This association with celestial objects was also related to the priesthood interest in astronomy and astrology.

The name of the Assyrian moon god Su’en/Sîn is usually spelled as DEN.ZU.. He is commonly designated as En-zu, which means “lord of wisdom” …… The “wisdom” personified by the moon-god is likewise an expression of the science of astronomy or the practice of astrology, in which the observation of the moon’s phases is an important factor.” – Wikipedia.org

In one of the few surviving examples of Phoenician writing called the “Sanchuniathon” there is mentioned of the worship El related to the planet Saturn (Planet X),

“…It was a custom of the ancients in great crises of danger for the rulers of a city or nation, in order to avert the common ruin, to give up the most beloved of their children for sacrifice as a ransom to the avenging daemons; and those who were thus given up were sacrificed with mystic rites. Cronus then, whom the Phoenicians call Elus, who was king of the country and subsequently, after his decease, was deified as the star Saturn….” Philo of Byblos – Greek Translator

In the Chaldean Oracles of Zoraster, it was written,

“The Chaldæans call the God (Dionysus or Bacchus) Iao in the Phœnician tongue (instead of the intelligible light), and he is often called Sabaoth, signifying that he is above the seven poles, that is the Demiurgus. – Lyd. de Mens. 83.—Tay.

The controversial historical writer Acharya S wrote in her book, “Suns of God”,

“The semite “Yava” or Iao was likewise “Sabazio, Sabaoth or Sabbat, the god of the Planet Saturn, who also known as Dionysus…”

The Astro-Theology of the Phoenician pantheon was not only based upon the Saturn Myth but recording of actually cosmic events in the sky were used to predict its effects on humanity. For example, the recording of the asteroid event in 3,123 BC could have marked a reference point because, in only one thousand five hundred and twenty-seven years later it is speculated that one of the largest volcanic eruptions on Earth occurred on the island of Thera which caused the destruction of several settlements on the island including an tsunami that destroyed an major Minoan city on the island of Crete between 1642 BC – 1540 BC.

theraSatetille Image of the Island of Thera

(Note: Volcanic activity on Earth increases as Planet X enters its closes orbit around our sun due to the increased electrical activity between these celestial objects. Planet X’s last close orbit was around 1200 BC including bringing a cycle of comets every 1600 years. These events don’t occur simultaneously but can be spread apart from tens to hundreds of years due to the chaotic nature of debris being attracted from the Kuiper Belt by Planet X).

It is interesting that Thera’s volcanic eruption and the biblical date of the Exodus around 1550 BC were around the same time period. Velikosvsky the author of “Worlds in Collision” proposed the six plagues of Egypt described in the Exodus were observations of cosmic events in the sky by the ancients during this time period when Planet X was approaching our solar system. (note: I disagree with Velikosvsky chronology that dates the Exodus in 1450 BC)

Michael Heiser, an expert in Sumerian language noted about an astronomical event recorded about Nibiru who Zecharia Sitchen the author of the 12th Planet believed was Planet X,

“I think the “root idea” of the nibiru word group and its forms as meaning something with respect to “crossing” is clear….” – michaelshieser.com

MulapinWhile Heiser didn’t believe Nibiru was a planet, according to his research, an cuneiform tablet called the MUL.APIN dated around 1000 BC there is an astronomical event recorded in which Nibiru is mentioned;

“the red star which stands in the south after the gods the night [the stars] have been finish, dividing the sky in half, this star is Nibiru, (i.e., Marduk)” – michaelshieser.com

The Nibiru (red star) event in the sky as described in MUL.APIN could have marked a “crossing point” in Planet X’s orbit that signaled it was moving away from our solar system which could have marked the ending of this cataclysmic era which began six hundred years earlier in 1600 BC with the eruption of the island of Thera and culminated in the sudden Collapse of the Bronze Age around 1200 BC. This also included a severe drought in the eastern Mediterranean and the Heka 3 eruption in Iceland dated around 1159 that is listed in volcano index as a 5 which probably cooled the northern hemisphere for several years.

This era also involved the mysterious appearance of a group only known as the Sea People who helped rearrange the political and economic dynamics in the region by destroying major cities and shipping ports in the Middle East. This period is steep in mystery and for the next three hundred years (1100 – 800 BC) was called the Greek Dark Ages.

“Syrian sites previously showed evidence of trade links with Mesopotamia (Assyria and Babylonia), Egypt and the Aegean in the Late Bronze Age….a letter by the king is preserved on one of the clay tablets found baked in the conflagration of the destruction of the city. Ammurapi stresses the seriousness of the crisis faced by many Levantine states from invasion by the advancing Sea Peoples …

My father, behold, the enemy’s ships came (here); my cities(?) were burned, and they did evil things in my country. Does not my father know that all my troops and chariots(?) are in the Land of Hatti, and all my ships are in the Land of Lukka?…Thus, the country is abandoned to itself. May my father know it: the seven ships of the enemy that came here inflicted much damage upon us. “ – Wikipedia.org

The advent of the Sea People arrival and the widespread destruction of eastern Mediterranean islands and cities along the coast led to the emergence of the Phrygians in Anatolia and the Arameans in Syria who were later taken over by the Greeks which ushered in the beginning of Western civilization when Alexander the Great in 333 BC defeated them. However, I believe this group was associated with the Mycenaeans and the Phoenicians whose two major cities, Sidon and Tyre survive these attacks during the Greek Dark ages which led the way for the development of its greatest city, Carthage (814 BC – 146 BC). It became a major power in the Mediterranean and was barely conquered by the Romans in 146 BC in the Third Punic War. However, you can see in the pictures below the use of strategic locations, design and their use of state of the art technology in construction and ship building used at Carthage rivaled the Greeks and Romans.

tyrePhoenician City of Tyre

portPhoenician Port of Carthage

Even though in the Bible we are told that the Canaanites in Southern Levant were displaced by the Israelites from the Exodus, the archaeological evidence suggests,

“While the Hebrew Bible contrasts the Canaanites ethnically from the Ancient Israelites, modern scholars Jonathan Tubb and Mark Smith have theorized the kingdoms of Israel and Judah to be a subset of Canaanite culture, based on their archaeological and linguistic interpretations.” – Wikipedia.org

tribes_levantThus, the whole Levant region was dominated by the Phoenicians and Egyptians who could of had ancient alliances to the Sea People that were possible descendants of the northern Amorites who had migrated into Western Anatolia from the Armenian Plateau including the Aegean Islands such as Crete. The ability of the Phoenician’s high priest to track Planet X could have been used to plan and coordinate their attacks during this chaotic period in the solar system.

The Sea People,

“…. are thought to have been a confederacy of seafaring raiders who could have possibly originated from either western Anatolia or southern Europe, specifically a region of the Aegean Sea, who sailed around the eastern Mediterranean and invaded Anatolia, Syria, Canaan, Cyprus, and Egypt toward the end of the Bronze Age. However, the actual identity of the Sea Peoples has remained enigmatic and modern scholars have only the scattered records of ancient civilizations and archaeological analysis to inform them.” – Wikipedia.org

sherden1

In the Egyptian record, they are called the Sherden,

“are one of several groups of “Sea Peoples” who appear in fragmentary historical records (Egyptian inscriptions) for the Mediterranean region in the second millennium B.C.; little is known about them. On reliefs they are shown carrying a round shield and a long thrusting Naue II type sword. They are shown wearing a complicated armour corselet of overlapping bands of either leather or metal, and a horned helmet surmounted with a balled spike at the top. “ – Wikipedia.org

(Note: The horns and ball spike on the top of their helmet could have been identifying them as followers of “Bel” or “El” from the ancient religion of the Amorites and later the Phoenician – Caananites.)

There are even broader theories on the Phoenician/Sea People culture such as, Buckminster Fuller who speculated they were related to the Venetians of Italy,  the Vikings and later to the British Empire all based upon their dominance of trade by shipping which he called the water people.

“While historians place prime emphasis on the Roman legions as establishing the power of the Roman Empire, it was in fact the development of ships and the overseas line of supply upon which its power was built—by transporting those legions and keeping them supplied. ..Also in Italy—in the northeastern corner—is Venice, the headquarters of the water-people. The Phoenicians—phonetically the Venetians—had their south Mediterranean headquarters in Carthage in northern Africa. In their western Mediterranean and Atlantic venturings the Phoenicians became the Veekings. The Phoenicians—Venetians—in their ships voyaged around the whole coast of Italy and sent in their people to each castello, one by one. The Venetians had an unlimited line of supply, and the people inside each castello did not. The people inside were starved out. Thus, all of the regional masters of the people in Italy hated the Venetians-Phoenicians-Veekings who were able to do this.” Buckminster Fuller – Critical Path 1981

The eastern Mediterranean including what was known as the Anatolia area archaeologist have found a universal use of the archetypes of the Moon and the Bull which were in continuous use throughout the Mediterranean at various times throughout the ages. These icons as seen in the previous picture of the Phoenician king with the two horn crown, the Vikings, the Minoans and the Cretan empire have used variations of these symbols.

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Including Neolithic sites such as, Çatalhöyük (7500 BC – 5700 BC) with evidence of bull worship.

catal_bull_heads

  These same symbols are still being used today.

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The Builders of Gobekli Tepe, the Tower of Babel and the Saturn Myth Part II

Velikosvsky, Climate Change and Planet X

Comet

One of the first researcher to explore the possibility of cosmic events influencing our ancient past was Immanuel Velikovsky. A medical doctor by profession but a curious amateur historian and astronomer who theorized that the myth of the flood described in Genesis could be connected to cosmic events within our solar system . In his book, “Worlds in Collision (1950) proposes that a proto-Saturn type body existed within our solar system where Earth was once a satellite went into a nova state and pushed out Earth and move it into its current orbit around our sun which was the cause of the Deluge (Noah’s Flood). He also connected the ten Plagues of Egypt described during the time of the Exodus of the Hebrews was due to Earth’s interaction with a comet currently known as the planet Venus. While his books were popular most of his science was attacked and discredited by academia.

However, within the past decade new evidence in ice core samples and tree rings have describe dramatic climatic changes in our past which have given scientist evidence to propose that these transitions could be caused by cosmic events. For example, the Younger Dyras period which saw a sharp decline in temperatures in the Northern hemisphere that occurred around 10,900 BC is believed to be due to one or more meteor impacts in North America which suddenly destroyed most of its megafauna that led to the extinction of the large mammals such as the woodly mammoths and the dramatic declined of the Clovis Culture. Other asteroid impacts have been proposed by geologist Alexander Tollman in 1994, that occurred in 7640 BC and 3150 BC.

“Christopher Knight and Robert Lomas in their book, Uriel’s Machine, argue that the 7640 BCE evidence is consistent with the dates of formation of a number of salt flats and lakes still extant in dry areas of North America and Asia. They argue that these lakes are the result remains of multiple-kilometer-high waves that penetrated deeply into continents as the result of oceanic strikes that they proposed occurred.” – Wikipedia.org

Immanuel Velikovsky’s concepts of a proto-Saturn like object in our solar system appeared to be a possibility due to modern astronomer theories that a Brown Dwarf Star the size of Saturn or much larger could exist in our solar system. This is due to astronomers being perplexed by orbitals anomalies in comets, asteroids and in the outer planets of Pluto and Neptune. These anomalies could be explained by a larger planet which some have called Nemesis that is located in the outer region of our solar system.

“Two teams of astronomers, Daniel P. Whitmire and Albert A. Jackson IV, and Marc Davis, Piet Hut, and Richard A. Muller, independently published similar hypotheses to explain Raup and Sepkoski’s extinction periodicity in the same issue of the journal Nature. This hypothesis proposes that the Sun may have an undetected companion star in a highly elliptical orbit that periodically disturbs comets in the Oort cloud, causing a large increase of the number of comets visiting the inner Solar System with a consequential increase of impact events on Earth. This became known as the “Nemesis” or “Death Star” hypothesis.” – Wikipedia.org

Barry Warmkessel has proposed on his website that there is a brown dwarf star that is much closer to our sun than Nemesis which he calls Vulcan that has a 5,000 year orbit. While others have speculated such as, Zecharia Sitchin who believed the Sumerians called it Nibiru but in modern times it’s general name has been Planet X. This planet has a elliptical orbit around the Kuiper Belt of our solar system and according to Warmkessel as Vulcan moves closer to the sun it attracts objects from the Kuiper Belt at mainly two locations within its orbit. This creates swarms of comets that orbit the sun around every 666 – 790 years and are approximately 444 AU from the sun.

nemensisThe Orbit of Planet X

The degrees of inclination from the sun’s elliptic approximately follows the type of orbits where most of these large comets enter our solar system known as sungazers such as the comet ISON in 2014. For a much deeper review go to his website: barrywarm.kessel.com

ison

It is interesting when reviewing the climatic changes within the last 20,000 years as seen in the table below, there appears to be two long term cycles emerging. One, a 5,000 year cycle that includes a cooling and warning phrase. For example, at the end of the Older Dryas Stadial around 10,800 BC it is theorized a major asteroid impact occurred in North America which was followed by a cooling period that lasted 1,300 years called the Younger Dryas. This 5,000 cycle could be associated with Dr. Warmkessel’s theory on Planet X’s orbit.

The chart below list major climate changes since the last glacial maximum at around 19,000 BC, including possible catastrophic events and and significant points in human developments especially within Anatolia and the Levant regions of the Middle East. For example, toward the ending of every 5,000 year cycle major human events seem to occur such as, the building of Gobekli Tepe over 12,000 years ago, the Copper Age and the invention of the wheel around 6,200 BC and the collapse of the Bronze Age around 1200 BC.

Catastrophe Timelinea

(Note: The Thera Eruption has been updated to 1600 BC by another source.)

At the beginning of the Younger Dryas a warming period began around 10,000 BC and for the next 3,400 years created a stable climate for humans which  helped the Neolithic Revolution to take place around 8,000 BC. However, during the latter part and the end of these 5,000 year cycles it coincides with possible asteroid impacts that are accompanied by increased earthquake activity, warming temperatures, drought and volcano activity. Up until 6200 BC the climate was moving through cool and warm-wet climates but another dramatic climate change occurred which increased temperatures that lowered the humidity of the planet. These increased temperatures were even higher than the present era including a series of cooling events which could have been caused by periodic asteroid impacts. The effects of this maximum warming event could have been caused by Velikovsky’s theory of when Earth was thrown out of the orbit around the Brown Dwarf Star (Planet X) which initiated the aridification of our climate which eventually created the major dessert regions on our planet such as the Sahara and the Gobi desert.

According to Barry Warmkessel these asteroid impacts occur every 666 – 790 years. In the table above, in the column label #1, these asteroid events average out every 1600 years and appear before major climate changes. One of the reason these swarm of asteroids vary in time periods is because this material is randomly being pulled out of the Kuiper Belt as Planet X  orbits around our sun.

asteroid3

In 2008, a 150 year mystery was decoded from a 2700 year old Assyrian cuneiform tablet that was translated by researchers Mark Hempsell. The tablet documents and described an object in the sky that appears to be an asteroid that is speculated by researchers to have impacted in Kofels, Austria and could be the event which caused the destruction of the mythical Sodom and Gomorrah. The event was decoded to have occurred in 3123 BC. If climate change could be used as reference points of these asteroid swarm then Warmkessel prediction could be possible because this event occurred 777 years after the 5.9 Kiloyear event that began around 3900 BC.

A book called “The Saturn Myth” by David Talbot expands on Immanuel Velikovsky book, “Worlds in Collision (1950) and theorizes this cosmic event could have began around 6,000 BC which corresponds with rising sea levels and higher temperatures that could have been due to Earth being pulled into the inner solar system from Planet X. The ancients who witnessed these strange and perplexing cosmic events in the sky recorded them in similar configurations which some call the Cosmic Wheel as seen below.

cosmicwheelsunsign1The Cosmic Wheel – Anza-Borrego Blue Sun Cave

These bright celestial objects appeared as two objects where Planet X had a dark mass in the middle which David Talbot speculates were the planets Venus and Mars. This strange appearance in the sky was due to these planets were in a much closer orbit to earth and in a polar position as seen in picture below.

saturn-polar1

Talbot theorizes that this configuration of planets and its brightness in the sky was due to Planet X being a Brown Dwarf Star. According to Talbot, Planet X heliosphere would have been opaque, thus Earth’s sky would have appeared as a eerie dark purplish color which could be linked to what the Aborigines of Australia called the Dreamtime  in which no stars in the sky could be seen except the Cosmic Wheel at the north pole 24 hours a day, thus, there would have been no way of telling time.

In Talbot’s theory, Planet X was slowly being captured by our current Sun which created havoc in the Earth’s sky. When Planet X approached our solar system, Venus and Mars would have started to interact with our current sun according to the Electric Universe theory by creating large electrical discharges in the dark purplish sky of Earth which generated the recording of the cosmic wheel symbols by our ancient cultures. Talbot even speculates that the deep channels on Mars and even the Colorado’s river gorge were created by these cosmic thunderbolts or electrical discharges between the planets, Venus, Mars and the Earth.

saturn-front

See David Talbot’s video called “Symbols of an Alien Sky

Zecharin Sitchin book the 12th planet theorizes there was a planet called Nibiru beyond Neptune that had a 3,600 elliptical orbit around our sun. In our ancient past, one of the moons of Nibiru while passing close to our sun hit a planet between Mars and Jupiter which Sitchin said was called Tiamat spilt in two and in a second past, another one of Nibiru’s moon struck one of these pieces which became the asteroid belt while the second piece became Earth.

This theory would have taken 100 of million of years to reform our current Earth while Velikovsky and Talbot’s theory could explain why our ancient climate was much more cooler when Earth was orbiting Planet X and drastically changed when it was taken into our current solar system.

holocene_climate

If you look at the chart above based upon ice core samples  shows a drastic rise in Earth’s temperature beginning around 11,600 BP which began a period of increased temperatures reaching a plateau sometime after 10,000 BP. A minor cooling period occurs and another jump in temperatures occurs after 8,000 BP  which some estimate to be when the initial phrases of the Saturn Myth became visible in Earth’s sky.

If we take this date and calculate the period between the fall of Adam out of the Garden of Eden and the Flood which some Biblical scholars estimate to be around 1600 years and subtract that from 10,000 BP you get 8,400 BP. This period began the sharpest rise in recorded temperatures on Earth for the last 125,000 years which began a dramatic melting of the glaciers and in the middle of this period at around 7,800 BP a small gradually cooling trend is recorded which could have signaled a large flooding event on Earth as described in the Bible due to sea level rising. This was also around the same time when the Earth changed from a warm and wet climate called the Atlantic period to the Subboreal which included a series of aridification events that lowered Earths humidity and temperature into its current climate.

“During the Subboreal the climate was generally dryer and slightly cooler (by about 0.1 °C) than in the preceding Atlantic, but still was warmer than today. The temperatures were 0.7 °C higher than during the following Subatlantic. Consequently in Scandinavia the lower limit of the glaciers was a 100 to 200 metres higher than during the Subatlantic. On the whole the oscillating temperatures slightly receded in the course of the Subboreal by about 0.3 °C.

In the Aegean the beginning of the Subboreal was marked by a pronounced drought centered around 5600 years BP. Yet of far greater importance at this time was the coming to an end of the African Humid Period, which is reflected in lakes of subtropical Africa (like Lake Chad for example) experiencing a rapid fall in their water levels. During the interval 6200 to 5000 years BP more arid conditions were also on the fore in southern Mesopotamia causing great demographic changes and probably instigating the end of Uruk”. – Wikipedia.org

According to the chart above, the last close orbit of Planet X was 1200 BC which coincided with the mysterious “Collapse of the Bronze Age” that is part of a cyclical pattern of climatic changes occurring every 1700 years on the average that breakdown Planet X orbit into three parts causing possible asteroid impacts on earth. The last cycle based upon a starting point of 1200 BC could be the cause of a extreme weather patterns that occurred around 535 AD which is 1735 years later after Planet X last return.

“The extreme weather events of 535–536 were the most severe and protracted short-term episodes of cooling in the Northern Hemisphere in the last 2000 years. The event is thought to have been caused by an extensive atmospheric dust veil, possibly resulting from a large volcanic eruption in the tropics, and/or debris from space impacting the Earth. Its effects were widespread, causing unseasonal weather, crop failures and famines worldwide. – Wikipedia.org

If this is true, the next cycle might occur between 2235-2270 AD and another leading up to Planet X return around 3800 AD or several years afterwards. However, a thousand years (2800 AD) before its return it will bring dramatic climate change, increased volcanic activity and earthquakes similar to what happened leading up to the “Collapse of the Bronze Age”.  (see blog – Emergence of the Prophets)

Earth appears to be a hostile environment for life and it was more than fortuitous that the last 12,000 years was a period of time where man mysteriously had gain enough skills in its beginning to survive the mythical flood around 6200 BC and later emerged from the “Collapse of Bronze Age” (1200 BC) with enough surviving technology to form the Greek civilization (800 BC).  Our future seems strangely prearranged in a chaotic universe.