In the classic 1985 film “Back to the Future”, Steven Spielberg tells the story of Marty McFly who goes back in time and mistakenly meets his mother who falls for him. This creates the possibility that his father and mother will not get together, thus, wiping out his existence because he would never be born. This is a classical time travel paradox leading many to believe that traveling into the past is impossible.
But for some scientists who do believe time travel into the past is possible have proposed that Black Holes might be using a process where quantum information is being teleportated from the future to create a physical event in the past.
The concept of a Black Hole was predicted by General Relativity and through the work of Karl Schwarzschild who developed a model called the Schwarzschild Radius, proposed a new type of object in the universe where its mass becomes so dense its gravitational field would create a boundary where matter or light could not escape. This boundary later became known as the “Event Horizon”.
Inside a Black Hole exist what is called a gravitational singularity which is described as,
” the quantities that are used to measure the gravitational field become infinite in a way that does not depend on the coordinate system. These quantities are the scalar invariant curvatures of spacetime, which includes a measure of the density of matter.” – wikipedia.org
However, there are some parts of a Black Hole that don’t follow our current understandings of physics. For example, what happens to the quantum information of matter when it enters the singularity.
In the 1970’s Steven Hawking answered this question when he discovered that Black Holes emitted heat which later became known as “Hawking Radiation”. Hawking created a controversy when he stated in his paper that this radiation didn’t preserved the physical information of the mass within the Black Hole. If Hawking was right and this quantum information was forever lost within the singularity then this violated a quantum principle that information is always preserved within its wave function.
Others physicists such as Leonard Susskind argued this fact with Hawking and continued the controversy for twenty years because they believed,
” if the material entering the black hole were a pure quantum state, the transformation of that state into a mixed state of Hawking radiation would destroy information about the original quantum state. This violates Liouville’s theorem and presents a physical paradox. – wikipedia.org
In 1982, Jacob Bekenstein proposed a new theory where the quantum information of the mass within the Black Hole was proportional to the surface area of the event horizon. This new theory led to the Holographic Principle developed by Gerald ‘Hooft and latter refined by Dr. Leonard Susskind where the physical information of the mass of the Black Hole was equivalent to the information contained within its two dimensional surface area of the event horizon.
Another way to look at this holographic theorem is to view processes that are happening on the event horizon and the state of matter in the Black Hole are complementarity or just two ways of observing the same quantum information.
“The idea is as follows; a quantum gravity theory in the interior of an anti-de-sitter spacetime is completely equivalent to an ordinary quantum particle theory living on the boundary. If true, this equivalence means that we can use quantum particle theory (which is relatively well understood) to define quantum gravity theory (which is not).” – Juan Maldacena – Illusion of Gravity 2005
(Note: If you want to understand how string theory, Ads/CFT correspondence and the Holographic Principle is applied to our universe read the November 2005 article in Scientific American called “The Illusion of Gravity” by Dr. Juan Maldacena).
Leonard Susskind and Gerard ‘Hooft applied the Holographic Principle to the Black Hole Information Paradox by describing this as a complementarity process because it allows a set of quantum information to exist in two different forms even if one exists in another place in time. This is consistent with quantum mechanics because time is viewed as a continuum where future and past behavior of particles are all held within its wave function. This complementarity analogy is similar to how we understand the wave/particle phenomenon of light where it can be viewed within either of these two states but never both simultaneously.
This wasn’t a complete solution to the paradox because we still needed a way to avoid the loss of quantum information due to the Black Hole’s singularity. A solution to this problem was proposed by Gary Horowitz and Juan Maldacena called the The Black Hole Final State” .
“We propose that at the black hole singularity one needs to impose a unique final state boundary condition. More precisely, we have a unique final wave function for the interior of the black hole. … This final boundary condition makes sure that no information is “absorbed” by the singularity. … The final state boundary condition at the black hole singularity acts like a measurement that collapses the state into one associated with the infalling matter. This transfer the information to the outgoing Hawking radiation in a process similar to “quantum teleporation”. – Horowitz and Maldacena 2005.
Dr. Seth Lloyd of MIT who specializes in Mechanical Engineering and Quantum Computing explained this process of Black Hole evaporation similar to the process of a quantum computer.
“If information escapes as black holes evaporate, then black holes could function as quantum computers. Recently, Horowitz and Maldacena proposed a model of black-hole evaporation that imposes a final-state boundary condition at the black-hole singularity. The resulting projection onto a final state gives rise to a nonlinear time evolution for the quantum states in and outside of the black-hole, which permits quantum information to escape form the black hole by a process akin to teleportation.” – Almost Certain Escape from Black Hole in Final State Projection – Seth Lloyd 2006
(Reference – see – quantum teleportation)
Dr. Lloyd uses this quantum teleportation model within the Black Hole evaporation process to explain as these particles reach this boundary their wave function collapses which teleports its current quantum information into the past through emerging particles or singlets at the event horizon which produces Hawking Radiation. This ability to project quantum information backwards in time is explained by Seth Lloyd theory called Projective Closed Time-like Curves. – Almost Certain Escape from Black Hole in Final State Projection – Seth Lloyd 2006
The physics is made through the possibility of using Closed Time-Like Curves within our universe in a lecture he gave in November 2004. Kurt Godel first came up with this concept through working with Albert Einstein at Princeton. And later in 1991 physicist David Deutsch used this concept to propose using Closed Time-like Curves to travel into the past, where according to his theory would create a new alternate version of the past which agreed with the concepts of the “many worlds” hypothesis of time travel developed by Hugh Everett. (Note: Dr. Lloyd’s theory differs from David Duetsch proposal by not creating alternate time lines).
According to modern physics the creation of Closed Time-like Curves are possible in rotating closed spheres. The classic way of visualizing these closed time-like curves is to picture the universe like a cup and the handle would represent the closed time-like curve which is the pathway from the future into the past.
In the bottom picture, Lloyd proposes a Projective Closed Time-like Curves similar to Quantum Teleportation which he proposed is taking place within Black Holes. He describes this process as a quantum channel where information is teleported between two qubits. This type of post selection quantum channel prevents time travel paradoxes because the quantum teleportation process between the two qubits disallows a mixed quantum state to occur, such as, starting out alive in the future and dead in the past.
Below is a video where Dr. Lloyd gave a lecture on this subject matter. (Note, this video is not for novices for he is talking to mostly Quantum Computing graduates students).
(Note: the following are my own personal views on the nature of reality)
For a moment, lets assume our universe doesn’t contain Dark Matter and we live in anti-de-sitter space which has the characteristics of a Singularity. Then what is the Singularity? Physics defines it as a infinitely curved space.
However, if gravity is a illusion as Dr. Maldacena proposes then understanding how the Singularity functions is the key to understanding our reality. An example of this type of space is depicted in M.C.Escher print called Circle Limit III. Escher created a visual representation of a type of mathematics called Hyperbolic Geometry where a negative curvature expands infinitely at the edges of a sphere.
In the picture below, Daina Tamina used crocheting to create geometric hyperbolic planes that are very similar to coral reefs.
Another mathematical concept that nature uses is the science of fractals which can form into simple or complex objects due to their ability to repeat self-similar patterns continuously into smaller and smaller scales like Escher Circle Limit III.
Another clue of the singularity is the observation that have perplexed scientist, is the negligible effect of gravity at the quantum scale.
To maintain this astronomical model, scientist have speculated that our galaxy is surrounded by dark matter which explains how gravity can hold all the matter together over million of light years, especially in its outer spiral arms. Astrophysicist call this the Dark Matter Halo (simulated picture above) which the theory explains why the rotational curve of the galaxy doesn’t decrease from the galactic center.
If this dark matter isn’t confirmed, at some point, astrophysics will need to stop coming up with exotic matter/forces to keep there standard model intact and come up with a more reasonable theory. Thus, lets try another approach and assume Einstein’s view of gravity as a curvature of space-time in the present of mass is a good observational model but isn’t the source for gravity.
Then, what is the gravitic force which holds galaxies and solar systems together?
Before General Relativity, science explained gravity through Issac Newton theory which states,
“Every point mass attracts every single other point mass by a force pointing along the line intersecting both points. The force is proportional to the product of the two masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.” – Wikipedia.org
When you examine this formula, it is very close to “Columb Law” which states, that “The force of attraction or repulsion between two point charges is directly proportional to the product of magnitude of each charge and inversely proportional to the square of distance between them.” – Wikipedia.org
If we assume these two theories are connected then gravity could be explained as a electrogravitic effect. Newton’s theory was in the ballpark of earthbound objects but when it came to explaining very large objects in the universe such as Black Holes or neutron stars, General Relativity explained these objects more fully. However, recently, a Professor named Konstanin Meyl explains how gravity is an electrogravitic effect. Meyl proposes the effects of gravity follow an universal theorem called the Inverse Square Law with says:
“is any physical law stating that a specified physical quantity or intensity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the source of that physical quantity.” – Wikipedia.org
Meyl applies this law to both a gravitational or electromagnetic field which radiates from a source using the inverse-square law.
“The inverse-square law generally applies when some force, energy, or other conserved quantity is radiated outward radially in three-dimensional space from a point source. Since the surface area of a sphere (which is 4πr2 ) is proportional to the square of the radius, as the emitted radiation gets farther from the source, it is spread out over an area that is increasing in proportion to the square of the distance from the source. Hence, the intensity of radiation passing through any unit area (directly facing the point source) is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the point source. – wikipedia.org”
If the earth and the sun have a electromagnetic relationship, then what appears to be gravity is the earth movement is propelled through a positive and negative electromagnetic interaction as it rotates around the sun. According to Dr. Meyl this electromagnetic force creates a type of contraction and expansion of the earth due to one side the earth is always facing away from the sun which creates a type of breathing effect.
However, this effect can not be detected because all the instruments on earth are also expanding and contracting, this is why the famous Michelson-Morely experiment was unsuccessful in discovering this electromagnetic connection with the sun. The only way this scalar field could be detected would be take a measurement outside of our solar system, which James Bradley proposed in 1727.
Dr. Konstantin Meyl Universal Theory predicts that instead of a nuclear reaction process powering the sun, there is a electromagnetic process occurring. Nikola Tesla in the early 1900’s, discovered this electromagnetic relationship between the earth and the sun. He found cosmic rays emanating from the sun and experimented with this energy which he called Radiant Energy. Meyl proposed these particles were neutrinos who source originates from the Black Holes at the center of our galaxy.
Dr. Meyl used Tesla work to develop a Galactic Model where these high frequency energy particles traveled faster than the speed of light through out the galaxy in a fractal manner where resonant receivers such as Suns absorbed these particles within there cores which in turn are re-transmitted into a slower neutrino particles. At each stage these neutrino’s are absorbed and converted into matter (gas/elements) at the center of suns and planets.
At the center of the earth are heavy neutrons particles which interact with these cosmic neutrinos which create beta decay creating hydrogen gas. The gas uses the radiation generated by the beta decay to returned back into a neutron due to the high pressure. This creates a equilibrium of forces which create a Bose-Einstein condensate at absolute zero which creates superconductive high pressure gas/plasma which is creating the electromagnetic field which surrounds the earth and not due to some hot rotating metal ball. All the elements of the earth are created due to this process at the center of the earth (except carbon).
If gravity is electromagnetic and if we could prove that the neutrino interaction causes the strong nuclear force within matter then we live in a electromagnetic universe (the weak nuclear force is already attributed to neutrino interaction – radioactive decay. This would mean the processes within Black Holes, White Dwarfs and Neutron stars are not due to gravitational collapse but in someway are affected through a change in the flow of these high frequency neutrino’s being absorbed within its core. These are examples of how this neutrino energy is able to effect the ratio of mass within matter over large periods of time.
In the Standard Model, physics defines the neutrino as a massless particle that does not interact with the Higgs Bosons which creates mass. In Dr Meyl model, there is only one force which is structured like a vortex ring of electrical potential which creates all the elementary particles.
The model for these electrical ring vortexes are explained by Dr. Meyl by using an simple example of electromagnetic waves being transmitted and received through an antenna. In the picture below, an RF electromagnetic wave is spreading out from a antenna. In the near field they appear like vortexes but as they approached the far field they begin to expand and stretch out creating standard electromagnetic waves.
In the bottom picture, these ring vortexes rotate at the speed of light while the electrical wave moves perpendicular to these vortexes. These electrical vortexes travel like a longitudinal wave which can adjust the frequency of individual waves due to its oscillation structure. Its most common form appear as electromagnetic waves which moves at the speed of light.
This oscillating property is due to the Lorentz contraction effect. As the electrical potential of these vortexes are increased they boost the frequency of the wave. Meyl proposes that this property allows these scalar waves to be a frequency converter in forming all the elementary particles.
This oscillating process is analogous to those two strings hand toys with a paper disk in the middle. The string represents the wave and the disk represents the electrical vortexes. As the string is winding up and gets shorter which is done by twirling the disk, the potential of the wave is increased (higher wave frequency) and the electrical vortex potential grows larger. And when you pulling the string apart the energy within the string is released which is the same as the electrical vortex potential is being discharged and vortex ring becomes smaller and their wavelength gets longer.
These faster than light particles propagate similar to a sound wave moving through different types of mediums within the near field. When they move at the speed of light they are unstable so some of these waves discharge in the near field and are transformed into heat which is called antenna noise. In the far field the rest of the scalar waves are converted to electromagnetic waves, however, if you could oscillate them at a higher frequency they would become stable and they can propagate faster than the speed of light in the far field. (Note: This was reported at Cern in 2011 but was retracted later).
Dr. Meyl also discovered a magnetic version of this neutrino energy which runs perpendicular to the Radiant Energy which he calls the Meyl wave. This wave carries the holographic information. This wave encodes information like the hard drive in your computer.
If this is true, then Dr. Lloyd was correct in describing Black Holes as a quantum channel. Our sun also physically interacts with this flow of neutrinos particles from the Black Hole every 13,000 as our solar system completes a full cycle every 26,000 years (precession) through the galactic plane.
As these neutrinos travel faster than the speed of light, they decay and are absorbed within the cores of suns which are then re-emitted at lower frequencies within planetary bodies of the solar system. Thus, the galaxy appears to be a structure of resonating energy points (Black Holes, Suns and Planets) which creates a electromagnetic circuit where each connection fits in within one another just like the Russian Dolls in the picture below. Illustrating the fractal design of how energy is transferred faster than speed of light by using quantum tunneling .
Nicola Tesla discovered this phenomenon in the early 1900’s and called it Radiant Energy which he described as cosmic particles (neutrinos) emanating from the Sun. Tesla developed a prototype where he was able to transfer Radiant Energy wirelessly when he built the Wardenclyffe Tower between 1901 – 1917. The facility was never completed due to Tesla not be able to fully fund the project.
Tesla was quoted as saying,
“It is not a dream, it is a simple feat of scientific electrical engineering, only expensive – blind, faint-hearted, doubting world! […] Humanity is not yet sufficiently advanced to be willingly led by the discoverer’s keen searching sense. But who knows? Perhaps it is better in this present world of ours that a revolutionary idea or invention instead of being helped and patted, be hampered and ill-treated in its adolescence – by want of means, by selfish interest, pedantry, stupidity and ignorance; that it be attacked and stifled; that it pass through bitter trials and tribulations, through the strife of commercial existence. So do we get our light. So all that was great in the past was ridiculed, condemned, combatted, suppressed – only to emerge all the more powerfully, all the more triumphantly from the struggle.” – “The Transmission of Electrical Energy Without Wires as a Means for Furthering Peace,” Electrical World and Engineer, January 7, 1905.
During this early period of the discovery of electricity, the government wasn’t funding much research, so these early pioneers were subject to venture capitalist like J.P Morgan who were only interested in the bottom line rather than pure research. Tesla discoveries were put aside and this line of researched was forgotten. However, if Tesla had a more academic background he could have published his finding and experiments and we might have started a whole new line of research that could have eventually trumped the invention of wireless communication by decades.
The modern era should have been dominated by Tesla but instead Albert Einstein’s research on General Relativity and his famous equation E=MC2 took the scientific community by storm which eventually led to nuclear technology and expanded the field of astrophysics. However, Einstein equation for matter and energy was self referential and did not explain what is energy.
The famous physicist Richard Feynman said,
“It is important to realize that in physics today, we have no knowledge what energy is. We do not have a picture that energy comes in little blobs of a definite amount.” – Richard Feynman Lectures 1964.
According to science, energy-matter expanded at the beginning of the Big Bang and will continue until the end of time. In this model the universe is solely dependence on mass and gravity while Dr. Meyl theory is dominated by a single source of energy, electricity.
Einstein made the analogy if you could take a ride on a photon of light, the world would appear to stand still. Thus, if energy is transferred faster than the speed of light it also has no time component from our perspective within the galaxy which is why it appears to come out of nowhere.
This creates a very intimate connection to our creator because the energy we experience that fuels our body and within the environment is occurring in real time and not in some distant point in the past when creation first began. We live in a holographic-energy grid where each resonating point, like the cells within our body are connected to a universal circuit. This circuit not only carries energy but information as Dr. Meyl proposed.
Quantum Mechanics defines this information as a wave function which describes how a particle will behaves over time. The method is used to predict the probability of quantum interactions of particles such as the physics of electromagnetism. In the modern era, QED (Quantum Electrodynamics) is the most successful and verified theorem in physics today, without this theorem solid state electronics, lasers, etc.. wouldn’t exist which is the foundation of our modern technology.
One aspect that both Einstein (Special Relativity) and Quantum Mechanics agreed upon is that time exists as a continuum where the past, present and future events exist simultaneously. Quantum information exist in two forms as holographic information within a 2D dimension (wave function) and as a 3D object within the space-time.
Similar to the teleporation process of quantum information that occurs within Black Holes, a type of retro-causation process could also be occurring on a larger scale where by events from the past and the future are effecting each other. (note: The science is explained in my article, Retro-Casuation and the Symmetry of Time)
In Terence Mckenna Timewave Zero Theory, he describes historical time as a novelty wave which is a measurement of change over time (a quality of newest and originality). The chart above shows how change can have similar historical ramifications when novelty rates are in resonance. Mckenna developed this algorithm by studying the mathematical changes within the sixty-four hexagrams of the I Ching.
“McKenna expressed “novelty” in a computer program which purportedly produces a waveform known as “timewave zero” or the “timewave”. “Timewave zero” is a numerological formula that purports to calculate the ebb and flow of “novelty”, defined as increase over time in the universe’s interconnectedness, or organized complexity.Based on McKenna’s interpretation of the King Wen sequence of the I Ching, the graph appears to show great periods of novelty corresponding with major shifts in humanity’s biological and sociocultural evolution. He believed that the events of any given time are recursively related to the events of other times …”. – Wikipedia.org
This is the hidden concept folded within the I Ching. In my blog, “The Science of the I Ching” describes a system based upon a mathematical fractal algorithm which Mckenna uncovered. Much of this science is explained within Chaos Theory which is used to develop mathematical models called attractors to predict changes in dynamic systems such as weather systems.
According to the ancients, quantum interactions which are depicted as a oscillations between opposites (Yin/Yang – Hot/Cold) within these dynamic systems create cyclical novelty waves over time which generate harmonic connections between past and future events.
For example, this retro-causation model is very similar to the process of a Black Hole when it is used as a quantum channel to teleport quantum information from the past into future emerging particles creating Hawking Radiation. This example shows the wave function of particles not only interact on a linear bases within small distance and time but also have a retro-causation component as well.
According to the ancients our reality emerging from Wu-Chi which is symbolized by a empty circle which represents the infinite probabilities within our space-time which is a type of universal wave function for the cosmos. Most of us think of the circle as a boundary but as in Escher’s Circle Limit III drawing shows, the boundary is fractal thus representing a curve that expands into infinity.
From Wu-Chi emerges our 3D space-time reality through a novelty wave that is generated through a oscillation between opposites called yin and yang.
Maybe the ancients were describing a philosophical system that was based upon knowledge of Quantum Electrodynamics.